Siuren Sites

Siuren’ Sites


two Stone Age cave sites, Siuren’ I and Siuren’ II, in the Crimea; located near the village of Tankovoe (formerly Siuren’), 13 km southwest of Bakhchisarai.

Siuren’ I, excavated by G. A. Bonch-Osmolovskii in 1926 and 1929, has three Upper Paleolithic cultural layers. Among the objects discovered were flint end scrapers, gravers, points, and Mousterian-type implements. Also found were the bones of cave bear, giant red deer, reindeer, saigas, and various birds and fish, as well as a human tooth.

Siuren’ II, excavated by Bonch-Osmolovskii in 1924 and 1926 and by E. A. Vekilova in 1954 and 1955, contains a cultural layer dating from the end of the Upper Paleolithic and the beginning of the Mesolithic; geometrically shaped (lunate and trapezoid) flint implements were found here, as well as arrowheads, end scrapers, and gravers.


Beregovaia, N. A. Paleoliticheskie mestonakhozhdeniia SSSR. (Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, no. 81.) Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.