Sivatherium


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Related to Sivatherium: Sumatran Rhinoceros
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sivatherium

 

a genus of fossil mammals of the family Giraffidae. The remains of sivatheres were found in Pliocene deposits in the Himalayan Siwaliks. Sivatheres were approximately the same size as elks and somewhat resembled them. The massive, short skull had two pairs of horns: the anterior horns were small, conical, and directed forward, and the posterior horns were large, flat, and branched. Unlike other giraffes, the legs and neck were not long. Sivatheres probably inhabited sparse forests and fed on soft vegetation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Comparative dietary evaluations of an extinct Giraffid (Sivatherium hendeyi) (Mammalia Giraffidae Sivatheriinae) from Langebaanweg South Africa (early Pliocene).
Progiraffa exigua and Giraffokeryx punjabiensis belongs to genus Progiraffa and Giraffokeryx respectively, Giraffa priscilla and Giraffa punjabiensis are species of genus Giraffa, the higher taxon for species Bramatherium megacephalum and Bramatherium grande is Bramatherium and Sivatherium giganteum is the species of genus Sivatherium.
While comparatively high EH was observed in Sivatherium hendeyi (Pliocene giraffid) by Franz-Odendaal et al.
Key words: Giraffids, Sivatherium, Upper Siwaliks, Pleistocene, Pinjor Formation.
The first scientific mention of the Siwalik giraffes goes back to 1836 when Falconer and Cautley described a large massive giraffe, Sivatherium giganteum from the Upper Siwaliks.
Giraffinae includes the genus Giraffa, and the subfamily Sivatheriinae is represented by Sivatherium, Bramatherium, Helladotherium, Hydaspitherium and 2007).
The specimens under study are smaller in size, so they cannot be directly compared to the maxillae and mandibles of the large subfamily Sivatheriinae (Helladotherium, Hydaspitherium, Vishnutherium, Sivatherium, and Bramatherium) (Khan et al., 2010; Bhatti et al., 2012a, b).
The specimens under study are smaller in size so cannot be compared with the large taxa of the subfamily Sivatheriinae (Helladotherium, Hydaspitherium, Vishnutherium, Sivatherium and Bramatherium) (Khan et al., 2010; Bhatti et al., 2012a).
Equidae Camelidae and Sivatherium. Fauna Antiqua Sivalensis Part-9 139 pp.
They are mainly represented in the Siwaliks by the large-sized Sivatheriinae namely, Bramatherium, Hydaspitherium, Helladotherium, and Sivatherium (Matthew, 1929; Colbert, 1935; Gentry, 1997; Geraads and Gulec, 1999; Bhatti,2005; Kostopoulos and Sarac, 2005).
Of these, the Pinjor Formation, which spans 2.58-0.6 Ma (Dennell et al., 2008), is the longest and most fossiliferous including larger taxa such as Elephas hysudricus, Stegodon insignis, Rhinoceros, Sivatherium, Equus sivalensis, Sus spp., Hemibos spp., Bos acutifrons and Cervus palaeindicus (Nanda, 2002, 2008).