The specimens under study are smaller in size, so they cannot be directly compared to the maxillae and mandibles of the large subfamily Sivatheriinae (Helladotherium, Hydaspitherium, Vishnutherium, Sivatherium, and Bramatherium) (Khan et al.
Le Sivatherium (Giraffidae, Mammalia) du PliocAne final d'Ahl al Oughlam et l'ACopyrightvolution du genre en Afrique.
A new Sivatherium giganteum from Pabbi Hills of Potwar, Pakistan.
Key words: Giraffids, Sivatherium, Upper Siwaliks, Pleistocene, Pinjor Formation.
The first scientific mention of the Siwalik giraffes goes back to 1836 when Falconer and Cautley described a large massive giraffe, Sivatherium giganteum from the Upper Siwaliks.
Order ARTIODACTYLA Owen, 1848 Suborder RUMINANTIA Scopoli, 1777 Family GIRAFFIDAE Gray, 1821 Subfamily SIVATHERIINAE Bonanparte, 1850 Genus SIVATHERIUM Falconer and Cautley, 1835 Sivatherium sp.
Type species: Sivatherium giganteum, Falconer and Cautley, 1835.
The large forms include the genera Sivatherium, Hydaspitherium, Bramatherium, Vishnutherium, Indratherium and Helladotherium (Pilgrim, 1910).
The protocone is truly crescentic with its praeprotocrista projected backwardly in the genus Sivatherium (Falconer and Cautley, 1836).
The Upper Siwalik giraffids include Hydaspitherium, Bramatherium, and Sivatherium (Fig.
The lower molars of the sample are about as long as the holotype teeth of Sivatherium giganteum (Colbert, 1935).