Amir Sjarifuddin

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Sjarifuddin, Amir

 

Born 1907 on the island of Sumatra; died Dec. 19, 1948, in the village of Ngaliang, on the island of Java. Figure in the Indonesian national liberation and communist movements.

Sjarifuddin studied in the Netherlands and graduated from the law institute in Batavia (Jakarta). A leader of the national revolutionary party Partindo (founded 1931), he was arrested by the Dutch colonial authorities in 1933 and remained in prison until 1935. He helped found the Gerindo in 1937 and became its chairman, as well as the general secretary of the Indonesian Political Union.

During the Japanese occupation of Indonesia (December 1941 to 1945), Sjarifuddin was a leader of the resistance movement; in 1943 he was arrested and condemned to death, a sentence that was commuted to life imprisonment. Released after Indonesia declared its independence in 1945, he became minister of information in the first government of the Republic of Indonesia, established that year.

During the Indonesian people’s difficult struggle against the Dutch colonialists, who from 1945 to 1949 tried to regain control over Indonesia, Sjarifuddin served as minister of defense from late 1945 to January 1948 and head of the government from July 1947 to January 1948. From 1945 to 1948 he held the posts of chairman and vice-chairman of the Socialist Party. After the Socialist Party and the Workers’ Party (Labor Party) merged with the Communist Party of Indonesia in 1948, Sjarifuddin was elected to the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPI. In 1948 he became chairman of the Popular Democratic Front, a bloc of leftist parties and organizations influenced by the CPI. During the Madiun incidents of 1948, Sjarifuddin was captured by punitive forces and shot without a trial.

REFERENCE

Zhizn, otdannaia bor’be, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1966.
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Apart from telling observations of shortages and poverty in Yogyakarta in 1948 due to the Dutch blockade and a few reports of meetings with key political figures (a picnic with Sukarno, an interview with Amir Sjarifuddin shortly before the communist uprising, a portrait of Merle Cochran), Coast restricts himself to a broad outline of major political developments.
Cooperatives and UMKM Minister Sjarifuddin Hasan said UKM will later be allowed to calculate their final PPH.
Eri Sutiko, spokesman for the Security Restoration Operational Command in Aceh, accused rebels of the Free Aceh Movement, known as GAM, of killing the man identified as Sjarifuddin Jamil, whose body was found in Lhok Sukon district, where he lived.
In the Indonesian case, the subsequent turnaround from overt political participation to revolution was all the more startling, as the PKI enjoyed influence in government until early 1948, when differences over Republican willingness to make concessions to the Dutch persuaded Sjarifuddin to resign as Prime Minister.
There was also, to some extent, communist influence in the legal leftist party Gerindo, led by Amir Sjarifuddin.
Shortly before the Japanese occupation of 1942-45, when Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union had become allies, the Dutch handed Amir Sjarifuddin a substantial amount of money to organise resistance against the Japanese.
48) This was not unique in Vietnam: in Indonesia Sutan Sjahrir compromised with and cooperated with Sukarno and Amir Sjarifuddin but not Tan Malaka.
The late Jacques Leclerc's essay on Amir Sjarifuddin, Indonesia's prime minister between 1947 and 1948, focuses on his experiences in the critical early years of the Indonesian Revolution.
The tensions between the regime and GUPPI and within the GUPPI leadership (especially between the Ramidi and Sjarifuddin factions) are described and interpreted with care and lucidity.
The regime's efforts to tame GUPPI in the mid-1970s by replacing the old Sjarifuddin leadership with a more biddable GUPPI board under the chairmanship of Qodratullah are outlined as also is the attempt to establish MDI Golkar as an alternative organisation for attracting Islamic support to the government.
The two foremost architects of the Indonesia's modern army during the 1940s have both been ineligible for this role: the defence minister Amir Sjarifuddin because of his membership of the communist party and A.