Fluorosis

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Related to Skeletal fluorosis: Dental fluorosis

Fluorosis

 

a chronic disease caused by prolonged excessive ingestion of fluorine. The consumption of water with a high fluorine concentration (more than 1–1.2 mg/liter) or food with an excessive quantity of fluoride compounds results in the retention of fluorine salts in bones and dental tissues and the replacement of soluble calcium compounds by the insoluble compounds of calcium and fluorine. Fluorosis is manifested by the appearance of stains on dental enamel and by a change in the structure of bony tissue (osteosclerosis), causing bone deformity and calcification of ligaments. When contact with fluorine is terminated, symptoms of fluorosis decrease.

References in periodicals archive ?
The study revealed that 100,000 people of the 700,000 population were suffering with dental or skeletal fluorosis or both and high concentrations of fluoride were found in some areas such as Ramsapather (>20.
4] The adverse effects are irreversible ranging from mild dental fluorosis to crippling from skeletal fluorosis.
In India, researchers have become successful in mitigating ingested fluoride and in reversing skeletal fluorosis at young age [20].
Skeletal fluorosis due to excessive tea and toothpaste consumption.
Excessive fluoride intake during early childhood causes staining and pitting of dental enamel while adult intake can lead to skeletal fluorosis and a higher risk of fractures (ADA, 2011).
Clinical investigations of skeletal fluorosis in children of Manga Mandi in Pakistan.
Fluoride plays an important role in caries prevention due to its cariostatic potential, however the excessive uninterrupted intake of fluoride for longer duration can have deleterious effect on teeth and bone's leading to dental fluorosis or skeletal fluorosis.
According to the nonprofit Environmental Working Group (EWG), overexposure to fluoride can be toxic, causing dental fluorosis (mottling and loss of tooth enamel) and skeletal fluorosis (joint pain, stiffness and bone fractures).
And there are other risks: The National Research Council has linked fluoride exposure to bone fractures and crippling skeletal fluorosis, which is commonly misdiagnosed as arthritis.
While dental fluorosis is very common, we are more concerned about skeletal fluorosis as it can lead to structural deformities," Bhagotia adds.