Skhod, Selskii

Skhod, Sel’skii


(village assembly), in prerevolutionary Russia, an assembly of heads of the peasant households within the sel’skoe obshchestvo (village community). The sel’skii skhod admitted and excluded members of the village community, redistributed community land among the community members, and apportioned the obrok (quitrent), obligations to the community, and obligations to the state. It also elected the village starosta and other officials. The sel’skii skhod was subordinate to the police, to the mirovoi posrednik (mediator of the peace), and to the zemstvo district chief.

During the early years of Soviet power, the assembly of peasants on economic matters was known as the zemel’nyi skhod (land assembly).