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Philippeville(fēlēpvēl`), city (1998 pop. 152,335), NE Algeria, a port on the Gulf of Stora of the Mediterranean Sea. It is the port for ConstantineConstantine
, ancient Cirta, city (1998 pop. 462,187), capital of Constantine dept., NE Algeria, on the gorge of the Rhumel River. A major inland city, it is the railhead of a prosperous and diverse agricultural area.
..... Click the link for more information. and handles mostly agricultural and mineral products. Natural gas, oil refining, and petrochemical industries have been developed and pipelines have been built for their transportation. Skikda was founded by the French in 1838 on the site of a Carthaginian colony, Rusicade, which later flourished as a port under the Romans.
(formerly Philippeville), a city in Algeria, in Constan-tine Vilayet. Population, approximately 90,000 (1968). Skikda is an industrial and transportation center in the northeastern part of the country. It has a railroad station and a port on the Mediterranean Sea. The port, which has a freight turnover of approximately 1 million tons (1971), exports petroleum, vegetables, and subtropical fruits. Skikda has food-processing enterprises, including a fish cannery, and enterprises of the petroleum and chemical industries, including a gas-liquefaction plant, with a capacity of 3.8 billion cu m, and the largest chemical combine in North Africa for the production of plastics. In 1976 construction was under way on an oil refinery with a projected annual capacity of 7.5 million tons, a new port to accommodate tankers with a displacement of 100,000-125,000 tons, and a steam electric power plant. Skikda is the terminus of the Mezdar-Skikda oil pipeline (640 km long).