Skin Diseases

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Related to Skin Diseases: psoriasis, eczema, List of skin diseases
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Skin Diseases


a group of human and animal diseases of varying etiologies characterized by pathological changes in the skin and its appendages (nails and hair) and in the visible mucous membranes. In man, skin diseases are manifested by spots, vesicles filled with transparent fluid or pus (pustules), nodules elevated above the skin, scales formed by the desquamation of the horny layer of skin, scratches, ulcers, and cracks. Many skin diseases are accompanied by itching, a burning sensation, and pain.

Inflammatory skin diseases (dermatitises) result from direct exposure to chemicals, mechanical factors, radiation, or extremes of temperature. Other skin diseases are caused by metabolic disorders and by the functional impairment of the nervous and endocrine systems in diseases of the internal organs (for example, the liver and the gastrointestinal tract). A large group of skin diseases are classified as pyodermas (purulent diseases). Cutaneous tuberculosis is an infectious disease of the skin.

Skin diseases (for example, scabies) may be caused by parasitic insects or pathogenic fungi. Some skin diseases are manifestations of increased body sensitivity to various stimuli, including drugs and certain plants. Neoplasms such as birthmarks, warts, and tumors may develop on the skin. Dermatology is the science that studies skin diseases.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Infectious skin diseases included tuberculosis, fungal infections, leishmaniasis, verruca plana and verruca vulgaris.
There is a pivotal need to strengthen the health programmes in schools, which will be helpful for better diagnosis and examination of skin diseases. Parental educational programmes should be developed following universal guidelines, especially for mothers.
GPs receive, on average, about six days training in dermatology, despite skin disease representing a quarter of all appointments.
However, Chief Minister Balochistan Jam Kamal Khan took notice of the skin disease outbreak in Landi Khoso and directed Secretary Health Abdul Majid to reach the area with health experts and provide all possible treatment on immediate basis.
Prof Azim Jahangir Khan, Professor of Dermatology at Allama Iqbal Medical College/Jinnah Hospital said, 'Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease clinically evident as raised inflamed scaly red skin lesions that crack and itch.
The district administration said that it received several complaints about fake soaps causing skin diseases and launched operation against the illegal factories in Swat.
The system focused only skin diseases of 6 categories.
Dr AQM Serajul Islam, president of Bangladesh Dermatological Society (BDS), said, there should be a proper guidelines for the dermatologists to follow uniformly countrywide while treating skin diseases, specially those caused by fungal infection.
According to a news report, 404,475 skin disease cases have been reported in the first seven months of this year at Karachi's only hospital for skin diseases.
KARACHI -- Institute of Skin Diseases Sindh, Karachi, has registered 4,72,830 patients suffering from different skin aliments in last seven months and skin-related 16,165 surgeries were also performed during this time period.
As per statistics issued by Institute of Skin Diseases Sindh, a total 4,72,83 patients had been examined at ISDS in last seven months, while 23,882 tests were also conducted.