Skou, Jens Christian

Skou, Jens Christian,

1918–2018, Danish chemist, M.D. Univ. of Copenhagen, 1944, Ph.D. Univ. of Aarhus, 1954. Skou was on the faculty at the Univ. of Aarhus, Denmark, from 1947 until he retired in 1988. In 1997 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Paul BoyerBoyer, Paul Delos,
1918–2018, American biochemist, b. Provo, Utah, Ph.D. Univ. of Wisconsin–Madison, 1943. Boyer taught at the Univ. of Minnesota, first in Saint Paul (1946–56) and then in Minneapolis (1956–63), and at the Univ.
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 and John WalkerWalker, Sir John Ernest,
1941–, English biochemist, Ph.D. Oxford, 1969. He has been a researcher at the Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge since 1974. In 1997 Walker was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Paul Boyer and Jens Skou.
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 for his discovery of sodium, potassium-stimulated adenosine triphosphatase, an enzyme that transports sodium and potassium ions through the cell membrane and maintains the balance of those ions in living cells. Skou's work led to the discovery of other ion pumps with similar structures and functions, including one that participates in the control of muscle contraction and another that produces hydrochloric acid in the stomach.
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