The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city under oblast jurisdiction in Donetsk Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. Situated on the Kazennyi Torets River (Don River basin). Railroad junction. Population, 134,500 (1975). The city was founded in 1676 as a cossack fort and was originally called Tor. In 1784 it was renamed Slovensk and was popularly called Sloviansk.

Slaviansk is an important center for the production of soda from local deposits of rock salt. It has a salt combine, a plant producing hardware and insulators, a plant producing construction machinery, and combines producing ceramic items. Other enterprises include factories for pencils and furniture. The city’s educational institutions include a pedagogical institute, the general engineering department of the Ukrainian Correspondence Polytechnical Institute, and a technical school of civil aviation. In addition, there are technicums for chemistry and mechanics, power plant construction, railroad transport, and agriculture. The city is the site of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution Slaviansk State Regional Electric Power Plant.

There is a balneological and pelotherapeutic health resort 7 km from Slaviansk that uses brine and silt mud from Lake Repnoe and other lakes. The salt wells that have been driven are used for therapeutic baths. Water with the chemical composition

is used in drinking therapy. Diseases of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems are treated, as are gynecologic disorders and disorders accompanying gastritis. There are two sanatoriums and a water and mud treatment facility in the city.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A photographer in Slaviansk, a city of 130,000 people in the province ofDonetskborderingRussia, said she saw the plane, visibly on fire, slowly descending but did not see it crash.
MILITARY HELICOPTER DOWNED IN UKRAINE: A gunship helicopter owned by Ukrainian government was shot down in Slaviansk by pro-Russian rebels on Monday.
Sur un autre registre, le representant special du president russe, Vladimir Loukine, a annonce, hier, la liberation des inspecteurs militaires de l'Organisation pour la securite et la cooperation en Europe (OSCE), retenus depuis la semaine derniere dans la ville de Slaviansk .
In a later incident, the Ukrainian defense ministry said gunmen on motorcycles fired on an army checkpoint between Donetsk and Slaviansk shortly after dark on Sunday.
Fighting raged ineasternUkrainefor the second straight day on Tuesday as thearmyrolled out an offensive against pro-Russiaseparatists holding the city of Slaviansk and claimed to have inflicted losses on the rebels.
En reaction a l'offensive de l'armee ukrainienne dans la province russophone de Slaviansk, qui [beaucoup moins que]a fait beaucoup de morts[beaucoup plus grand que], la Russie reclame une reunion d'urgence du Conseil de securite.
SLAVIANSK, Ukraine Sun Apr 20, 2014(Reuters) - At least two people were killed in a gunfight early on Sunday near a Ukrainian city controlled by pro-Russian separatists, shaking an already fragile international accord that was designed to avert a wider conflict.
In Kiev, acting president Oleksander Turchinov said the helicopter, which had been carrying supplies in eastern Ukraine, had been brought down by anti-aircraft fire from near the town of Slaviansk, which has been under the control of separatists since early April.
Un objectif qui contraste avec la situation a l'est russophone oE les observateurs de l'Organisation pour la securite et la cooperation en Europe (OSCE), retenus en otages depuis vendredi, ont ete declares, par des separatistes pro-russes a Slaviansk, [beaucoup moins que]prisonniers de guerre[beaucoup plus grand que].
Rebels in the town of Slaviansk, which was expected on Monday to be the focus of a broad government "anti-terrorist" operation involving the army, issued a bold call for Russian President Vladimir Putin to help them.
The bodies of Andrea Rocchelli, a freelance photographer who worked with the Cesura photographers' collective, and his colleague, Andrey Mironov, were taken to a hospital in the town of Slaviansk.
Un affrontement au lendemain du lancement, par Kiev, d'un assaut contre des points de controle de separatistes a l'entree de la ville de Slaviansk, principal bastion tenu par les pro-russes, dans l'est du pays est a craindre.