a city under oblast jurisdiction in Donetsk Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. Situated on the Kazennyi Torets River (Don River basin). Railroad junction. Population, 134,500 (1975). The city was founded in 1676 as a cossack fort and was originally called Tor. In 1784 it was renamed Slovensk and was popularly called Sloviansk.
Slaviansk is an important center for the production of soda from local deposits of rock salt. It has a salt combine, a plant producing hardware and insulators, a plant producing construction machinery, and combines producing ceramic items. Other enterprises include factories for pencils and furniture. The city’s educational institutions include a pedagogical institute, the general engineering department of the Ukrainian Correspondence Polytechnical Institute, and a technical school of civil aviation. In addition, there are technicums for chemistry and mechanics, power plant construction, railroad transport, and agriculture. The city is the site of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Great October Socialist Revolution Slaviansk State Regional Electric Power Plant.
There is a balneological and pelotherapeutic health resort 7 km from Slaviansk that uses brine and silt mud from Lake Repnoe and other lakes. The salt wells that have been driven are used for therapeutic baths. Water with the chemical composition
is used in drinking therapy. Diseases of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems are treated, as are gynecologic disorders and disorders accompanying gastritis. There are two sanatoriums and a water and mud treatment facility in the city.