Slavonia


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Slavonia

(sləvō`nēə), Croatian Slavonija, historic region, part of Croatia. It is a fertile agricultural and forested lowland bounded, in part, by the Drava River in the north and the Sava River in the south. Wheat and corn are the major crops, and the leading industry is food processing. It also has rich oil and natural-gas resources. The population is largely Croatian and Serbian. OsijekOsijek
, Ger. Esseg, Hung. Eszék, city (2011 pop. 108,048), in Croatia, on the Drava River. The chief city of the historic region of Slavonia, it is a river port and industrial center.
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 is the chief city. The region was originally part of the Roman province of Pannonia. In the 7th cent. a Slavic state owing allegiance to the Avars was established. With Croatia, Slavonia was united with Hungary in 1102. It came under Turkish rule in the 16th cent. and was recovered by Hungary from the Turks through the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699). As a result of the Revolution of 1848, Hungary lost Slavonia, which was made an Austrian crownland, but in 1868 Slavonia was restored to the Hungarian crown and united with Croatia. It became part of Yugoslavia in 1918. When the Yugoslav constituent republic of Croatia declared its independence in 1991, Croatian Serb and Yugoslav forces seized control of portions of Slavonia and other areas in Croatia, but by late 1995 Serbs retained control of only E Slavonia, which was returned to Croatian rule in Jan., 1998.

Slavonia

 

(Slavonija), a historical region in Yugoslavia. Some Latin sources written before the 13th century designated all Croatian lands as “Sclavonia.” Beginning in the 13th century, the term “Slavonia” was used for the lands between the right bank of the Sava River and the Drava River. Since the 17th and 18th centuries, “Slavonia” has been used to refer to the eastern part of the area bounded by the Drava, Danube, and Sava rivers. The official name for the Croatian lands from the 16th century to 1918 was the Kingdom of Dalmatia, Croatia, and Slavonia. [23–1616–]

Slavonia

a region in Croatia, mainly between the Drava and Sava Rivers
References in periodicals archive ?
In pursuance of the Demilitarization Agreement signed between Croatian government and the Serb representatives in November 1995 at Erdut, the UN was asked to take steps for the implementation of the agreement in the war ravaged areas of Eastern Slavonia, Baranya and Western Sirmium within a period of 30 days.
But the most important area, Sector East in Eastern Slavonia, remained under firm Serb control.
It expands the buyer's branch network by 33 offices, located all over Croatia except for the Lika region, Dubrovnik and South Dalmatia, to 130, boosting OTP Banka Hrvatska's weaker footprint in Zagreb and Slavonia, the company has said.
Megtrovid was a Croat, and a Roman Catholic, a citizen of the Austro-Hungarian Empire born in humble circumstances in Slavonia in 1883, and of Dalmatian peasant stock.
Embassy in Zagreb that included the human rights officer, political assistant, regional legal advisor, assistant regional security officer and summer interns went to the rural Western Slavonia region of Croatia to assist 30 ethnic-Serb families, former refugees who had returned to that nation, plus ethnic-Croat refugees from Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH).
The sites are located onshore in Slavonia (eastern Croatia) and offshore in the Adriatic.
Such large and expensive missions are rare and include Cambodia (1993), the Croatian province of Eastern Slavonia (1996), and Timor-Leste (2001).
The new state of meridional Slavs was constituted through the union of two independent regions (Serbia and Muntenegru) and the joining of large areas of former Habsburg Empire (Slovenia, Croatia, Slavonia, Dalmatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, parts of Baranja, Backa and Banat).
The dictated terms of Trianon were influenced not by negotiation, but by facts on the ground created with Allied military assistance, and Woodrow Wilson's toxic combination of idealism with ethnic prejudice, naivete and ignorance (he famously declared that in the end he never could get straight the difference between Slovakia, Slavonia and Slovenia).
The forum was attended by companies from the regions of Slavonia and Baranja, mostly from the building, agriculture and chemical sectors as well as from the food industry.
It was additionally burdened by "uncooperative" acts of the RCC and Yugoslav state, especially in Dalmasia, Slavonia and Macedonia.
Presently serving an eight-year sentence for war crimes committed against Serb civilians in 1991, Glavas will be heading the Croatian Democratic Alliance of Slavonia and Baranja (HDSSB) election list, it was announced on 23 October.