Slavonia


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Slavonia

(sləvō`nēə), Croatian Slavonija, historic region, part of Croatia. It is a fertile agricultural and forested lowland bounded, in part, by the Drava River in the north and the Sava River in the south. Wheat and corn are the major crops, and the leading industry is food processing. It also has rich oil and natural-gas resources. The population is largely Croatian and Serbian. OsijekOsijek
, Ger. Esseg, Hung. Eszék, city (2011 pop. 108,048), in Croatia, on the Drava River. The chief city of the historic region of Slavonia, it is a river port and industrial center.
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 is the chief city. The region was originally part of the Roman province of Pannonia. In the 7th cent. a Slavic state owing allegiance to the Avars was established. With Croatia, Slavonia was united with Hungary in 1102. It came under Turkish rule in the 16th cent. and was recovered by Hungary from the Turks through the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699). As a result of the Revolution of 1848, Hungary lost Slavonia, which was made an Austrian crownland, but in 1868 Slavonia was restored to the Hungarian crown and united with Croatia. It became part of Yugoslavia in 1918. When the Yugoslav constituent republic of Croatia declared its independence in 1991, Croatian Serb and Yugoslav forces seized control of portions of Slavonia and other areas in Croatia, but by late 1995 Serbs retained control of only E Slavonia, which was returned to Croatian rule in Jan., 1998.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Slavonia

 

(Slavonija), a historical region in Yugoslavia. Some Latin sources written before the 13th century designated all Croatian lands as “Sclavonia.” Beginning in the 13th century, the term “Slavonia” was used for the lands between the right bank of the Sava River and the Drava River. Since the 17th and 18th centuries, “Slavonia” has been used to refer to the eastern part of the area bounded by the Drava, Danube, and Sava rivers. The official name for the Croatian lands from the 16th century to 1918 was the Kingdom of Dalmatia, Croatia, and Slavonia. [23–1616–]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Slavonia

a region in Croatia, mainly between the Drava and Sava Rivers
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Summary:The European Commission is planning to propose awarding a further Euro one million for the continuation of the customs assistance mission in support of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in the region of Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium in Croatia.
Following the declaration of independence by Croatia in the summer of 1991, fighting broke out, and the parts of Croatia with significant Serb populations--the Krajina, Western Slavonia, and Eastern Slavonia--fell under the control of local Serbs assisted by Serb paramilitaries and the troops of the Yugoslav National Army (JNA).
NEWS 1909 The first SOS signal was transmitted when the SS Slavonia was wrecked off the Azores.
The call, which replaced CQD code in 1906, was recognised by two steamers who went to the aid of the Cunard liner SS Slavonia, wrecked off the Azores.
1909: The SOS signal was first used in an emergency by Cunard liner SS Slavonia, wrecked off the Azores.
He also informed that he recently visited Slavonia and Czech Republic and signed trade agreements with the two nations.
Dodik was in Bosanska GradiA!ka yesterday to attend marking of exodus of Serbs from Western Slavonia during the operation of Croatian armed forces "Bljesak" (Flash).