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Sliven(slē`vĕn), city (1993 pop. 106,958), E central Bulgaria, at the foot of the Balkan Mts. A textile center, it also produces carpets, wood and metal products, foodstuffs, and wine. Sliven is the seat of an Eastern Orthodox metropolitan. The city has long been strategically important because of its location at the entrance to Balkan passes. There are several churches and mosques and the ruins of a medieval fortress. Sliven is also known as Slivno.
a city in eastern Bulgaria, at the foot of the Stara Pla-nina (Balkan Mountains). Capital of Sliven District. Population, 90,000 (1974). Sliven is one of the country’s principal centers of the textile industry, especially for woolen fabrics (a cloth mill, built in 1834, was Bulgaria’s first industrial enterprise). The city has the machine-building (textile equipment, machine tools, automotive generators and starters), glassmaking, woodworking, electric-lamp, and food and condiments industries. There are vineyards and peach orchards in the environs of Sliven. [23–1670–]