Sloan, John,1871–1951, American painter and etcher, b. Lock Haven, Pa. He studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and worked for 12 years as an illustrator on the Philadelphia Inquirer and Philadelphia Press. In 1905 he went to New York City, where he worked as an illustrator. A member of the EightEight, the,
group of American artists in New York City, formed in 1908 to exhibit paintings. They were men of widely different tendencies, held together mainly by their common opposition to academism.
..... Click the link for more information. , he was active in organizing the Society of Independent Artists and was its president from 1918. Long a popular teacher at the Art Students League of New York City, he was elected president in 1930. His scenes of city life and his nude studies are in leading museums throughout the United States. Characteristic are McSorley's Bar (Detroit Inst. of Arts); Renganeschi's, Saturday Night (Art Inst., Chicago); Wake of the Ferry (Phillips Memorial Gall., Washington, D.C.); and Nude with Nine Apples (Whitney Mus., New York City). Sloan's painting owes its distinction to a natural interest in human beings, whose life he portrayed with a directness often verging on satire. As an etcher he was equally gifted.
See his Gist of Art (1939); his correspondence ed. by B. St. John (1965); prints by P. Morse (1969); biographies by B. St. John (1971) and J. Loughery (1995); studies by L. Goodrich (1952), V. W. Brooks (1955), and D. W. Scott and E. J. Bullard (1971).
Born Aug. 2, 1871, in Lock Haven, Pa.: died Sept. 7, 1951, in Hanover, N. H. American painter and graphic artist.
Sloan studied in Philadelphia at the Pennsylvania Academy (1892-93) and in the studio of R. Henri. In 1904 he moved to New York, where he did illustrations for magazines. From 1912 to 1916, Sloan was art editor for the socialist magazine The Masses, and in 1926 he became a contributing illustrator to The New Masses. He was a member of The Eight (formed in 1908) and a leading representative of the realistic ashcan school.
Sloan painted in a very free and spontaneous manner (Pigeons, 1910, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston). His drawings and etchings show great precision and sharpness. Sloan revealed the seamy side of life in the slums and backyards of the capitalist city, sometimes with irony and a sense of the grotesque, sometimes sadly and sympathetically.