Sloth Bear


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Related to Sloth Bear: Spectacled Bear

Sloth Bear

 

(Melursus ursinus), a mammal of the family Ursidae. It is characterized by a long and mobile snout and lips that can protrude greatly. Its claws are long and sickleshaped, adapted for tree climbing and digging in the ground for plant roots and termite nests; sloth bears dig holes up to 1.5 m deep searching for termites. The sloth bear’s body is massive and clumsy and is covered with thick, shaggy fur that forms a sort of mane on the neck and shoulders. Body length, up to 180 cm; height at the shoulders, 61–91 cm; weight, 54–136 kg (usually 90–115 kg). The coloration is shiny black; the tip of the snout a muddy gray, and there is a white horseshoe-shaped marking on the chest.

The sloth bear is found in mountainous and hilly forests of Hindustan and Ceylon. It is primarily nocturnal. It feeds on fruit, the green parts of plants, and insects. It often climbs trees. The animal is active all year. The cubs (one to two, less frequently, three) are born from October through February (usually in December-January). In some localities sloth bears damage sugarcane plantations, date palm groves, and apiaries. They are hunted, and in many areas of Hindustan their numbers are sharply diminished; their fur is not of great commercial value.

References in periodicals archive ?
As you can see in the video, the sloth bear was so exhausted.
Management of heat stroke in a sloth bear (Melursus ursinus).
The first report reached the para which refers to sloth bear sanctuary and which is in danger of extinction if mining activities are carried near about that.
The sloth bear is listed as "vulnerable" on the IUCN Red List, with poaching and habitat loss cited as the main threats to the species.
As usual the exhibition includes a section graphically illustrating man's inhumanity to the animal kingdom: live green iguanas, their feet bound are sold on a busy pavement as meat for curry and a sloth bear, its coat tattered, a look of abject futility in its eyes, sits out its days on the concrete floor of a Sri Lankan zoo.
A sloth bear doesn't hang from branches, and it is very lively--nothing like a slow-moving sloth.
Beginning with a worldwide montage, the film introduces viewers to the planet's eight species of bears: the giant panda of Asia; the sun bear of Indonesia and Southeast Asia; the sloth bear of India and Sri Lanka; the spectacled bear of the South American Andes; the Asiatic black bear, found in parts of Japan, China, India and Pakistan; the polar bear, which ranges in the Far North from Russia east to Norway; the brown bear, found in parts of Europe, Russia and North America, and called "grizzly" in its inland North American range; and the black bear of the United States and Canada.
Any bear can wear glasses," it begins - showing a sloth bear, sun bear, polar bear and Asian black bear in cool shades - "but there's only one spectacled bear.
Fortunately the lead shooting has finished and it now provides protection to the one-horned rhinoceros, tiger, leopard, sloth bear and the gaur (wild bison) and over 400 species of birds.
Tenders are invited for Construction of dry moat in sloth bear enclosure at bardhaman zoological park, Ramnabagan, Burdwan
The reserve is home to some of the most endangered species in India, such as leopards, wolves, nilgai, chinkara, sloth bear, etc.