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a South Slavonic language spoken in Slovenia, closely related to Serbo-Croat



the language of the Slovenes and one of the official languages of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; it belongs to the South Slavic group of languages. There are approximately 2 million speakers of Slovene, including approximately 1.6 million in Slovenia (according to the 1971 census); there are also speakers living in the areas of Austria, Italy, and Hungary bordering on Yugoslavia. The language has seven groups of dialects.

The phonetic peculiarities of literary Slovene include the opposition of long and short vowels under stress and open and closed vowels under stress, the vowel e [ə] in place of Proto-Slavic Ъ and b, the absence of an opposition of palatalized and unpalatalized consonants, and the change of l and ν to at the end of a syllable. The dynamic and musical stress is free (movable). Morphological features include the preservation of the dual, pluperfect, and supine and the loss of the aorist and imperfect, the vocative forms, and the consonant alternations in the nominal declension. The oldest written documents are the Freising Texts of the late tenth or the early 11th century.

The Slovene literary language was formed by the end of the 19th century. The modern literary language functions alongside spoken variants, among which there are significant phonetic and lexical differences. Norms for a common spoken language are being formulated in the second half of the 20th century. Slovene is written in the Latin alphabet.


Florinskii, T. D. Lektsii po slavianskomu iazykoznaniiu, part 1. Kiev, 1895.
Ramovš, F. Historična gramatika slovenskega jezika, vol. 2: Konzonantizem; vol. 7: Dialekti. Ljubljana, 1924–35.
Ramovš, F. Kratka zgodovina slovenskega jezika: I. Ljubljana, 1936.
Toporišič, J. Slovenski knjižni jezik, vols. Maribor, 1965-70.
Bajec, A., R. Kolarič, and M. Rupel. Slovenská slovnica. Ljubljana, 1973.
Kotnik, J. Slovenskoruski slovar, 2nd ed. Ljubljana, 1967.
Slovar slovenskega knjižnega jezika, vol. 1. Ljubljana, 1970.


References in periodicals archive ?
In the Slovene literary context, the exceptional vitality of this erotic perspective still seems unusual and even demonic, and Zupan differs from other erotic poets and writers above all in a romantic experiencing of the erotic as something essential, transcendental and heroic.
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She takes examples from Slovene phraseology and studies possible sources for the culture-specific interpretation of phraseology.
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The clearest influence on Slovene creativity at this time was the music of the Italian Renaissance, though a musical Renaissance only really began to flourish in Slovenia at the beginning of the seventeenth century.
Here however, he tells of his life in the US, describing such matters as uncomfortable and lost in New York City, the Slovene community in Cleveland, the School of Library Science at Western Reserve University, library references services, and the year of student strike.
6) At this point we have to explain that the selection of interviewees can be seen as 'biased', because we have selected only Slovene government officials, but we argue that if we would like to analyse the preventive diplomacy of Slovenia in the Kosovo conflict, we have to focus on Slovene activities, which is best known precisely by Slovene government officials.
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