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(also called Horutans, Karantans, Wends, or in Russian 19th-century writings Slovintsy), a nationality in Yugoslavia, numbering about 1.7 million (1971 census), of whom 1.6 million live in the Socialist Republic of Slovenia. In addition, about 400,000 Slovenes live outside of Yugoslavia, mainly in the USA, in neighboring parts of Italy and Austria, and in Hungary. They speak Slovene. Most religious Slovenes are Catholics, and the rest are Protestants or Orthodox.

In the sixth and seventh centuries the ancestors of the modern Slovenes settled large parts of the Middle Danube basin, the Pannonian Lowland, and the Eastern Alps (Carantania), as well as along the Adriatic coast. In the middle of the eighth century the Slovenes of Carantania fell under Bavarian rule, and at the end of the century, along with the Slovenes of lower Panno-nia, they became part of the Frankish state. For almost a thousand years, from the end of the ninth century, most of the Slovene lands were ruled by German feudal lords and were settled by German and Hungarian colonists. The eastern Slovene lands were occupied by Hungarian magnates, and some of the Pannonian Slovenes were magyarized. From circa 1260 a large part of the Slovene lands was annexed by the Austrian Hapsburgs.

In 1918 most of the Slovenes, along with the other Yugoslav (South Slav) peoples, became part of a single state, called Yugoslavia after 1929. However, about 500,000 Slovenes in Julian Carniola came under Italian rule, and about 100,000 Slovenes in Carinthia and Styria remained within Austria. After World War II most of Julian Carniola, which was populated by Slovenes, was included in Yugoslavia.

The historical destiny of the Slovenes, who for many centuries were not united in a single state, and their lack of geographic contiguity led to the formation of a number of Slovene ethnographic groups—Carniolans, White Carniolans, Prek-murci, Styrians, and Resians. The Slovenes along the Adriatic coast and those in Istria and the area known as Venetian Slovenia underwent Italian influence (most are bilingual), and the Slovenes of Carinthia came under considerable Austrian influence. After the establishment of a people’s democracy in Yugoslavia in 1945, the Slovenes had the opportunity to develop a socialist economy and a national culture on an equal footing with the other nationalities of Yugoslavia.


Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 1. Moscow, 1964.


References in periodicals archive ?
An area of 2 563 square km on Bulgaria's western border had to be ceded to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, the so called Western Outlands.
To Walk With the Devil: Slovene Collaboration and Axis Occupation, 1941-1945, by Gregor Joseph Kranjc.
The show, "Zabeljeno po amerisko" ("Seasoned by Americans") followed the chefs as they zigzagged through the Slovenian landscape, meeting farmers, other chefs, artisans and lots of hungry people, during which time they truly won over the Slovenes one dish at a time.
The origins of Slovene music lie in surviving pagan fragments and the first musical settings of religious texts, beginning in the sixth century.
Worried Slovenes said they hoped the election would bring a sense of security.
Vu le role primordial des medias, Mme Heba s'interesse beaucoup a eclaircir l'image de ce qu'il se passe en Egypte a travers les medias slovenes et jette egalement la lumiere sur le role specifique du Conseil Supreme des Forces Armees et du gouvernement de Salut national, affirmant de meme que ses efforts en ce sens sont multiples surtout sur les fronts politiques.
The Slovenes, who have previously never beaten a team from the former Yugoslavia, had more possession in the first half but failed to create serious scoring chances even though Serbia played nervously under the pressure.
The Slovenes are hugely disciplined, brilliantly organised and conceded just four goals in ten group games during qualification.
Still, Slovenes like to think of themselves as a liberal, open society, and a sign of their "tolerance" came in 2002, when the group Sestre ("Sisters"), a trio of drag queens, was chosen to represent the country at the Eurovision Song Contest.
Slovenes are predominantly Roman Catholic, though the country also has a small number of Protestants, Orthodox Christians, Muslims, and Jews.
Evidently, Slovenes refuse to sell their assets if they suspect that Italians could be their managers.
What was the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes renamed in 1929?