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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a petroleum-refining and petrochemical combine in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic engaged in the production of gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel, lubricating oils, asphalt, sulfuric acid, polyethylene, polypropylene, phenol, and acetone. Located in Bratislava, the combine grew out of a joint-stock company named Apollo, which was established in 1895. Originally the refinery processed 30,000 tons of petroleum per year. The enterprise was destroyed during World War II. Restoration work was started after the liberation of Czechoslovakia, and in 1946 the nationalized enterprise became part of the production association Slovak Mineral Oil Refineries. In 1949 the enterprise’s name was changed to Slovnaft.

In the years 1949–57, construction work resulted in a practically new, major combine. The three main complexes produce fuel, oil, and petrochemical products. As much as 7 million tons of petroleum are refined each year; the petroleum is transported from the USSR through the Druzhba Pipeline, first used in 1962. Slovnaft provides 70 percent of the country’s requirements for liquid fuel, motor oil, and lubricating oil. Approximately 20 percent of production output is exported.

Slovnaft has been awarded the Order of Labor (1958) and the Order of the Victorious February of 1948 (1973).


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Release date- 28082019 - Slovnaft refinery has completed its historically largest turnarounds on 21 production units.
"Shutdown in oil refinery could have an impactThe annual drop in both imports and exports could have been partially impacted by the temporary shutdown of certain production devices in oil refinery Slovnaft caused by the contaminated crude oil deliveries.
The Slovakian petrochemicals industry is small by international standards and largely fulfils domestic demand, although it has become more efficient and productive as a result of the consolidation of Slovnaft's petrochemicals operations into MOL and the implementation of a common single-channel polymer sales operation between MOL's TVK and Slovnaft.
SLOVAN BRATISLAVA got their season going in style on Saturday night with a six-goal mauling of Metallurg and can make it two wins in a row by taking care of Sibir at the Slovnaft Arena, writes Steve Davies.
High-pressure low-density polyethylene (LDPE) BRALEN FB 2-30 (Slovnaft, Bratislava) in the form of a foil (thickness 0.046 mm--measured by an Inductive Dial Indicator, Mahr, Germany) was used as an example of a nonpolar membrane.
The company has decided to sell its network of 44 fuel stations in the Czech Republic to Slovnaft Ceska Republica, a petroleum products retailer and a subsidiary of Hungarian oil and gas major MOL Plc (WSE:MOL).
According to Lukoil's media statement, it is selling its network of 44 filling stations in the Czech Republic to Slovnaft, the Slovakian unit of Hungary's MOL Group.
Eni to sell Czech plant stake PRAGUE: Italy's Eni is in talks to sell its 32.5 per cent share in Czech refinery Ceska Rafinerska and 124 Agip petrol stations in the country to Slovnaft, Czech newspaper Lidove Noviny reported.
Slovnaft Petrochemicals has embraced the energy-saving and crystal-clear clarifying potential of Millad[R] NX[TM] 8000 clarifying agent to launch a new generation of transparent, high gloss, reactor-made polypropylene random copolymers (PP) for low temperature processing of thin-wall rigid food packaging and storage.
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