Smerdis

Smerdis

(smûr`dĭs), d. c.528 B.C., second son of Cyrus the GreatCyrus the Great
, d. 529 B.C., king of Persia, founder of the greatness of the Achaemenids and of the Persian Empire. According to Herodotus, he was the son of an Iranian noble, the elder Cambyses, and a Median princess, daughter of Astyages.
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, king of Persia. He is also called Bardiya. He was assassinated by his brother CambysesCambyses
, two kings of the Achaemenid dynasty of Persia. Cambyses I was king (c.600 B.C.) of Ansham, ruling as a vassal of Media. According to Herodotus he married the daughter of the Median king Astyages; some scholars dispute this. Cambyses' son was Cyrus the Great.
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 II, who kept the murder a secret. Patizithes, the Magian custodian of Cambyses' palace, deposed Cambyses (who was campaigning in Egypt), put forward his own brother Guamata to impersonate Smerdis, and proclaimed him king. After a reign of seven months the false Smerdis was overthrown (521 B.C.) and slain. Darius IDarius I
(Darius the Great) , d. 486 B.C., king of ancient Persia (521–486 B.C.), called also Dariavaush and Darius Hystaspis (after his father, Hystaspes or Vishtaspa).
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 succeeded Guamata.
References in periodicals archive ?
(57) The historical meaning of the term magus is critical to understanding various themes in El jardin de senderos que se bifurcan because it is attached to the name of a historic character, Smerdis (Ficciones 16).
It is the central region of an earlier story from Historia universal de la infamia, "El tintorero enmascarado Haldm de Merv." The eponymous character, like Smerdis, is both historical and an impostor.
(4) Instead, the play divides into a 'serious' plot that focuses on Cambises's tyrannical execution of his counsellor Praxaspes's son, his brother, Smerdis, and his queen, and a 'comic' plot in which his low-born subjects voice their opinions on his reign.
The people's cooperation turns to criticism, however, after Cambises executes Praxaspes's son and Smerdis. The peasants Hob and Lob illustrate the commons' change of heart when they condemn the king's cruelty and call for his death.
According to some, the Sorkh Deh tomb was the resting place of Smerdis, the youngest son of Cyrus the Great (ruled 559-530 BCE) and brother of King Cambyses II (ruled 530522 BCE).
Rzhevsky, demonstrated in his tragedy The False Smerdis (1769) some of the important lessons at issue by creating a dichotomy of heroic woman and base male.
Had Cambyses understood that meaning is never simply self-evident but is always the product of putting things together, he would not have assumed that a dream that told him that Smerdis was on the throne was altogether straightforward and unambiguous in its meaning (History 3.30).
For example, martiya, 'man', used to introduce Gobryas(46) and to qualify the men who assisted the king in killing Gaumata/Bardiya (Smerdis),(47) is also the term used to introduce the names of Darius' opponents.(48) Furthermore, the frequent term xsayathiya, 'king', is not confined to numerous applications to Darius(49) and to some references to previous and future kings,(50) presumably members of his own family; it is also attributed to his opponents.(51) Nonetheless, the term ba[n]daka is never employed to denote the people, that is, the actual 'subjects' of these kings.
On the same lines, though more immediately persuasive, is the case of the impostor Smerdis, who is mentioned as an unspecified metaphor.
Estos datos figuran en el articulo "Smerdis" de la oncena