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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



False Bardia. Date of birth unknown; died July 29, 522 B.C. Median magus (priest), who led a rebellion against Cambyses, King of Persia, on Mar. 11, 522 B.C.

Posing as Bardia (Smerdis), Cambyses’ brother, who had been secretly killed by Cambyses, Gaumata established himself on the throne and, attempting to win the countries conquered by the Persians to his side, freed them from all taxes and duties for three years. He died at the hands of conspirators led by Darius I.


Dandamaev, M. A. “Bekhistunskaia nadpis’ i antichnye avtory o Bardii-Gaumate.” Kratkie soobshcheniia In-ta narodov Azii, 1962, issue 46.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.