Sydney Smith

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Smith, Sydney,

1771–1845, English clergyman, writer, and wit, ordained in the Church of England in 1794. In 1798 he went as a tutor to Edinburgh, where he studied medicine, occasionally preached, and with Jeffrey and others founded (1802) the Edinburgh Review. His brilliant contributions were a strong factor in the periodical's success. Moving to London in 1803, Smith lectured on moral philosophy at the Royal Institution and became a well-known figure in literary society. His "Peter Plymley" letters (published anonymously in 1807–8) in defense of Catholic EmancipationCatholic Emancipation,
term applied to the process by which Roman Catholics in the British Isles were relieved in the late 18th and early 19th cent. of civil disabilities.
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 were the first of his many appeals for religious toleration. In 1809 he moved to Yorkshire, where he had been given a living of £500 a year. There he also acted as magistrate and village doctor. He went to a parish in Somerset in 1829; in 1831 he was given a residentiary canonry at St. Paul's. Smith's religion was strong and of a practical nature. A lover of justice and truth, he was a life-long defender of the oppressed. His failure to rise higher in the church is attributed to his wide reputation as a master of wit and satire. He is placed among the premier English wits and has been compared to SwiftSwift, Jonathan,
1667–1745, English author, b. Dublin. He is widely recognized as one of the greatest satirists in the English language. Early Life and Works
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 and to VoltaireVoltaire, François Marie Arouet de
, 1694–1778, French philosopher and author, whose original name was Arouet. One of the towering geniuses in literary and intellectual history, Voltaire personifies the Enlightenment.
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.

Bibliography

See his works (4 vol., 1839–40); his letters (ed. by N. Smith, 2 vol., 1953); selections from his writings (ed. by W. H. Auden, 1956); memoir by his daughter, Lady Holland (2 vol., 1855); biographies by G. W. Russell (1905, repr. 1971), H. Pearson (1934, repr. 1971), G. W. Bullett (1951, repr. 1971), and A. Bell (1980).

References in periodicals archive ?
Lamilami, Lazarus 1974 Lamilami speaks, the cry went up: a story of the people of Goulburn Islands, North Australia, Ure Smith, Sydney.
Alexis Smith, Sydney Greenstreet, Rose Hobart and Charles Drake also star.
Other local golfers to watch this spring include: Rachel Egan, Cara Hanrahan, Lauren Wentzell and Meaghan Williams of Notre Dame; Lindsay Sawyer, Katie Harrington and Danielle Urella of the Worcester team; Jenny Post of Douglas; Kelly Alexander, Megan Moody, Kristin Dinncenzo, Lauren Styskal and Laura Brouillette of Groton-Dunstable; Corey Staiti, Nicole Staiti, Erica Tibert and Samantha Scott of Quabbin; Chrissie Smith, Sydney Gusha, Jessica Kent, Abby Suschuk and Kate Dowd of Wachusett.