Great Smoky Mountains

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Great Smoky Mountains

Great Smoky Mountains, part of the Appalachian system, on the N.C.–Tenn. border; highest range E of the Mississippi and one of the oldest uplands on earth. The mountains are named for the smokelike haze that envelops them. More than 25 peaks rise over 6,000 ft (1,829 m); Clingmans Dome, 6,643 ft (2,025 m), and Mt. Guyot, 6,621 ft (2,018 m), the highest points in Tennessee, were named after geologists T. L. Clingman and Arnold Guyot, who explored the mountains in the late 1800s. The Great Smokies are noted for their many species of trees and a great variety of flowering plants. Nearly 40% of the forest is virgin growth. Black bears are among the most well-known of the many animals and birds in the Great Smokies. Although the region's coves and valleys have been settled since pioneer times, they remained isolated and inaccessible until the 20th cent., when loggers began harvesting the virgin forest and significant tourism led to development of the area, such as the construction of scenic auto and hiking roads and routes. Increased industrialization in the surrounding states and acid rain there have caused vegetation damage and resulted in environmental protection and awareness efforts. Great Smoky Mountains National Park (521,621 acres/211,183 hectares) straddles the crest of the Great Smokies for 71 mi (114 km). The park includes c.600 mi (965 km) of trails through luxuriant forests (the Appalachian Trail follows the crest) and many streams and waterfalls. A number of former farmsteads with log cabins and barns and a grist mill have been preserved. Several museums are there. The park was authorized in 1926 and established in 1930. See National Parks and Monuments (table).


See C. C. Campbell, Birth of a National Park in the Great Smoky Mountains (1978); M. Frome, Strangers in High Places: The Story of the Great Smoky Mountains (1980).

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References in periodicals archive ?
23 in the Chimney Tops area of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park and spread into Gatlinburg.
Isolated groups of the fireflies have since been found as far north as New York state, but the population in Great Smoky Mountains is the densest, and those in the know figured it was just a matter of time before the public caught wind of the spectacular.
Picking up a whistle (again, she could be a one-woman band, all she needs is the drum on her back) for the touching Smoky Mountain Memories, the saxophone for Son of a Preacher Man, and a piano for Better Day and new single Together You and I - both new tracks proving that her songwriting is still as fresh and vibrant as her spectacular voice.
Savour the Great Smoky Mountains by staying in a log cabin, albeit a luxury one, with all mod cons and quick access to the Pigeon Forge attractions (
"The Smoky Mountains' stunning roads offered a wealth of creeks, rivers and wildlife.
As you read through the Journal, traveling from Great Smoky Mountains National Park to the Historic Kingsley Plantation, remember that our discipline is as varied and diverse as our locations, mediums and messages, but what unites us as a field is our desire to make a measurable difference.
Smoky Sunrise: Sunlight peeks through the trees in foggy Cades Cove; Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee
Bill Manley, a spokesman for Sierra Nevada, told reporters that Alcoa, TN, a small town just to the West of Great Smoky Mountains National Park, is on the short list of finalists for the new brewery.
Back home in the States, she has given a different type of boost to the area where she was born and brought up in the foothills of Tennessee's Great Smoky Mountains.
Ymweld goroeswyr y Cherokee arhosodd yn eu hardaloedd gwreiddiol wna Iolo yn y rhaglen gan ganolbwyntio ar dref o'r enw Cherokee yng ngogledd Carolina wrth droed y Smoky Mountains.
Written and presented in question-and-answer format, Great Smoky Mountains Trivia is a delightful collection of fascinating facts about Great Smoky Mountains National Park of Tennessee and North Carolina.