Smolianinov, Vadim Aleksandrovich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Smol’ianinov, Vadim Aleksandrovich


(pseudonym of Sergei Aleksandrovich Smol’nikov). Born Sept. 12, 1890, in Alapaevsk, in what is now Sverdlovsk Oblast; died Sept. 8, 1962, in Moscow. Soviet state and party figure. Member of the CPSU from 1908.

The son of a worker, Smol’ianinov began working in a factory in 1905. He later conducted party work in the Urals. During World War I (1914–18) he was called up into the army; he carried on revolutionary work among the soldiers of the Smolensk garrison. After the February Revolution of 1917 he was a member of the executive committee of the Smolensk soviet and a member of the city and provincial committees of the RSDLP(B). He was a delegate to the All-Russian Conference of Frontline and Rear Military Organizations of the RSDLP(B).

In August 1917, Smol’ianinov joined the Smolensk Revolutionary Committee for the struggle against the Kornilovshchina (a counterrevolutionary revolt led by L. G. Kornilov). During the October Rvolution, he was a member of the Military Revolutionary Committee. He was a delegate to the Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets. From 1918 to 1921 he was chairman of the Smolensk regional economic council, chairman of the provincial trade union council, and a member of the presidium of the provincial committee of the RCP(B).

In April 1921, Smol’ianinov became assistant business manager and then deputy business manager of the Council of Labor and Defense, working directly under V. I. Lenin. In 1924 he became business manager of the Council of People’s Commissars of the RSFSR and in 1927 he joined the Lesser Council of People’s Commissars, of which he subsequently became chairman. He began directing construction of the Magnitogorsk Metallurgical Combine in 1929 and later became deputy chief of the Vostokstal’ steel enterprise. From 1932 to 1938 he was director of the Leningrad branch of the State Institute for the Design of Metallurgical Plants.

Smol’ianinov was a delegate to the Eighth through Tenth Congresses of the RCP(B) and a member of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee. He was granted a personal pension in 1956.


Lenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed. See Reference Volume, part 2, p. 474.
Remizov, M., and A. Chaplin. “V pervykh riadakh.” In the collection Soldaty partii. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.