Marian Smoluchowski

(redirected from Smoluchowski)

Smoluchowski, Marian

 

Born May 28, 1872, in Vor-derbrühl, near Vienna; died Sept. 5, 1917, in Kraków. Polish theoretical physicist.

Smoluchowski graduated from the University of Vienna in 1894. In 1896 and 1897 he was a staff member of the universities of Paris, Glasgow, and Berlin. He became a professor at the University of L’vov in 1900 and subsequently was made rector of the university. In 1913 he became a professor at the University of Kraków.

Smoluchowski’s principal work was in statistical physics. His paper on the theory of fluctuations (1904) and his paper on Brownian movement (1906) are of particular importance. Together with the contributions of A. Einstein, these papers constitute the basic works in this field. On the basis of the theory of Brownian movement, Smoluchowski developed the kinetic theory of the coagulation of colloids and the theory of electroki-netic phenomena. He thereby laid the foundation for the kinetic theory of colloidal systems. He made use of the theory of fluctuations to develop the theory of critical opalescence in 1908. Smoluchowski discovered the phenomenon of the discontinuity of temperature at a solid surface for rarified gases.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Brounovskoe dvizhenie: Sb. statei. [Moscow-Leningrad, 1936.] (With A. Einstein.)

REFERENCES

Anri, V. “M. F. Smolukhovskii.” Uspekhi fizicheskikh nauk, 1918, vol. 1, issue 1.
Teske, A. Marian Smoluchowski: Życie i twórczość. [Kraków] 1955.

D. N. ZUBAREW [23–1859–]

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
(b) MEASUREMENT PARAMETERS Mean Zeta Potential = -35.55 Concentration = 2.00 mg/ mL Zeta potential model = smoluchowski Liquid = water Mean mobility = -2.57 (m/s) (V/cm) Viscosity = 0.890 cP pH = 6.7 Dielectric constant = 78.54 Conductance = 486 ms Particle size = 54 nm Relative residual = 0.0102 Temperature = 25[degrees]C INSTRUMENTAL PARAMETERS Sample count rate = 506 kcps Cycles per run = 10 Ref.
Since first proposed by von Smoluchowski in 1917 [4], the Smoluchowski mean-field theory has become the main theory to investigate the evolution of nanoparticle size distribution.
Tarnopolski acknowledges support in a form of a special scholarship of Marian Smoluchowski Scientific Consortium "Matter-Energy-Future" from KNOW funding, Grant no.
Peschanski, "Intermittency, fragmentation, and the Smoluchowski equation," Nuclear Physics B, vol.
Smoluchowski, "Contribution alatheorie delendosmose electrique et de quelques phenomenes correlatifs," Bulletin de l'Academie des
The measured [[mu].sub.e] values were transformed into [zeta]-potential using Smoluchowski's relationship.
The zeta potential is then calculated with the Smoluchowski equation (Smoluchowski 1921).
A Zetasizer Nano ZS (Malvern Instruments, UK) was used to measure the electrophoretic mobility, with conversion to zeta potential using Smoluchowski's approximation.
The Smoluchowski model was applied for the ZP calculations.
The ZP measurements were performed at 25 [+ or -] 2[degrees]C under the Smoluchowski approximation method with a minimum of ten replicates.