Smoot, Reed

Smoot, Reed

(smo͞ot), 1862–1941, U.S. senator (1903–33), b. Salt Lake City, Utah. He became successful as a banker and was prominent in the affairs of the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-day SaintsLatter-day Saints, Church of Jesus Christ of,
name of the church founded (1830) at Fayette, N.Y., by Joseph Smith. The headquarters are in Salt Lake City, Utah. Its members, now numbering about 5.
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. He was the first Mormon to be elected (1902) to the U.S. Senate. Efforts were made to bar him from his seat because he was a Mormon, but he was seated after a Senate investigation. Smoot, a conservative Republican, joined the "irreconcilables" in opposing the League of NationsLeague of Nations,
former international organization, established by the peace treaties that ended World War I. Like its successor, the United Nations, its purpose was the promotion of international peace and security.
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 and was one of the group that worked for Warren G. HardingHarding, Warren Gamaliel
, 1865–1923, 29th President of the United States (1921–23), b. Blooming Grove (now Corsica), Ohio. After study (1879–82) at Ohio Central College, he moved with his family to Marion, Ohio, where he devoted himself to journalism.
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's nomination (1920). In his later years in the Senate he was chairman of the finance committee; he helped write the Hawley-Smoot Tariff ActHawley-Smoot Tariff Act,
1930, passed by the U.S. Congress; it brought the U.S. tariff to the highest protective level yet in the history of the United States. President Hoover desired a limited upward revision of tariff rates with general increases on farm products and
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 (1930), which he cosponsored with Oregon Representative Willis C. Hawley.
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Smoot, Reed (Owen)

(1862–1941) U.S. senator; born in Salt Lake City, Utah. A prominent Mormon business and religious leader, he was elected to the U.S. senate (Rep., Utah; 1903–33). He became an influential figure in the Senate, advocating protectionist policies, tax reduction, and the creation of national parks. He coauthored the Smoot-Hawley Tariff of 1930, which increased tariff rates. After being defeated in 1932, he returned to Utah to devote himself to his duties as an apostle of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.