snakebite

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snakebite,

wound inflicted by the teeth of a snake. The bite of a nonvenomous snake is rarely serious. Venomous snakes have fangs, hollow teeth through which poison is injected into a victim. All types of snake venom contain a toxin that affects the nerves and tends to paralyze the victim. In addition, the venom of the coral snake, the cobra, and the South American rattlesnake contains constituents that damage blood cells and dissolve the linings of the blood vessels and the lymphatic vessels, causing severe or fatal internal hemorrhage and collapse. First aid for venomous snakebites consists of retarding the spread of the poison through the circulatory system by applying a constricting band or an ice pack, or by spraying ethyl chloride on the wound. It is essential that the patient avoid exertion and the taking of stimulants, as both increase the pulse rate. The constricting band should be applied above the swelling caused by the wound; it should be tight, but not tight enough to stop the pulsing of the blood. If only a few minutes have passed since the infliction of the bite, it is possible to remove much of the poison by suction (see first aidfirst aid,
immediate and temporary treatment of a victim of sudden illness or injury while awaiting the arrival of medical aid. Proper early measures may be instrumental in saving life and ensuring a better and more rapid recovery.
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). Antivenins, which counteract the toxins, are available for most types of snake venom. The two main groups of poisonous snakes in the United States are the coral snakes, which rarely attack humans unless provoked, and the pit vipers (copperhead, cottonmouth moccasin, the various rattlers), which require no provocation.

snakebite

1. a bite inflicted by a snake, esp a venomous one
2. a drink of cider and lager
References in periodicals archive ?
As first aid measures, the following are the do's and don'ts in case of a snake bite:
[6] The maximum number of snake bite cases are usually reported in monsoon season.
SNAKE BITESReports of Kenyans losing their lives to snake bites have been on the rise and, if left unchecked, this could morph into an epidemic especially due to changing climatic conditions and lack of the right anti-venom in far-flung hospitals.There are only two approved anti-venom brands Snake Venom Antiserum (African) manufactured in India and Inoserp from Mexico.
It expects to have 24 visiting doctors for its Asian Snake Bite Treatment programme.
Earlier, a 13-year-old girl died of snake bite in Sahiwal.
'We are calling on their relatives to stop giving snake bite victims herbs because some of the herbs cause the person to vomit, thereby making the condition to deteriorate.
The case was diagnosed as snake bite on the basis of typical pattern of clinical symptoms, facial swelling and history of grazing in pasture with 1-2 feet high grass which led to dramatic onset of signs which drastically subsided when treated with polyvalent anti snake venom (Fig.
Snake bite is a common life-threatening medical emergency in India and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality.
Subsequently, the self-styled healer performed some rituals for the next 48 hours, while claiming to be curing the youth of the snake bite, but his condition deteriorated further.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most significant complications developing due to snake bite. AKI associated with bites of Russell's viper, [3,4] Saw-scaled Viper, [5] Puff Adder, [6] Pit Viper, [4] Sea snake [7] and Tiger snake.
Lohia, "An unusual case of bilateral vitreous haemorrhage following snake bite," Case Reports in Medicine, vol.
Background: Snake bite is one of the important public health problems.