snakebite

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snakebite,

wound inflicted by the teeth of a snake. The bite of a nonvenomous snake is rarely serious. Venomous snakes have fangs, hollow teeth through which poison is injected into a victim. All types of snake venom contain a toxin that affects the nerves and tends to paralyze the victim. In addition, the venom of the coral snake, the cobra, and the South American rattlesnake contains constituents that damage blood cells and dissolve the linings of the blood vessels and the lymphatic vessels, causing severe or fatal internal hemorrhage and collapse. First aid for venomous snakebites consists of retarding the spread of the poison through the circulatory system by applying a constricting band or an ice pack, or by spraying ethyl chloride on the wound. It is essential that the patient avoid exertion and the taking of stimulants, as both increase the pulse rate. The constricting band should be applied above the swelling caused by the wound; it should be tight, but not tight enough to stop the pulsing of the blood. If only a few minutes have passed since the infliction of the bite, it is possible to remove much of the poison by suction (see first aidfirst aid,
immediate and temporary treatment of a victim of sudden illness or injury while awaiting the arrival of medical aid. Proper early measures may be instrumental in saving life and ensuring a better and more rapid recovery.
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). Antivenins, which counteract the toxins, are available for most types of snake venom. The two main groups of poisonous snakes in the United States are the coral snakes, which rarely attack humans unless provoked, and the pit vipers (copperhead, cottonmouth moccasin, the various rattlers), which require no provocation.

snakebite

1. a bite inflicted by a snake, esp a venomous one
2. a drink of cider and lager
References in periodicals archive ?
Diagnosis of poisonous snake bite was based upon clinical profile of commonly seen poisonous snakes, described in standard text books, and based on expert opinions.
A profile of fatal snake bite cases in the Bankura district of West Bengal.
Speaking about the recommended First Aid for snake bite victims he mentioned reassurance of the patient, immobilization of whole body particularly the bitten limb, remove rings, bracelets and anklets from limb, use pressure pads plus immobilization, rapid evacuation and refer to healthcare facilities.
Snake bite is an important and serious medical problem in many parts of India.
Failing to realise the significance of his snake bite and seek appropriate medical assistance, Mr X prolonged the length of time until his health care was received.
Materials and Methods: A total of ninety (90) cases of snake bite who reported in emergency department of the hospital were included in the study.
Snake Bite is also now available at Whole Foods, BevMo, Mollies Stone's Markets, Oliver's, and Cost Plus World Market retail stores in the region.
Significantly, to treat a normal snake bite 10 injections are required; in the case of a cobra bite the number might reach up to 40.
The vet conducted a post mortem and said the most likely cause was a snake bite," said pet owner Jerome Barbeau.
1,2 Following snake bite, the venom predominantly produces either neurotoxic symptoms or cytolysis.
The incidence of snake bite is frequently encountered in dog.