snakebite

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snakebite,

wound inflicted by the teeth of a snake. The bite of a nonvenomous snake is rarely serious. Venomous snakes have fangs, hollow teeth through which poison is injected into a victim. All types of snake venom contain a toxin that affects the nerves and tends to paralyze the victim. In addition, the venom of the coral snake, the cobra, and the South American rattlesnake contains constituents that damage blood cells and dissolve the linings of the blood vessels and the lymphatic vessels, causing severe or fatal internal hemorrhage and collapse. First aid for venomous snakebites consists of retarding the spread of the poison through the circulatory system by applying a constricting band or an ice pack, or by spraying ethyl chloride on the wound. It is essential that the patient avoid exertion and the taking of stimulants, as both increase the pulse rate. The constricting band should be applied above the swelling caused by the wound; it should be tight, but not tight enough to stop the pulsing of the blood. If only a few minutes have passed since the infliction of the bite, it is possible to remove much of the poison by suction (see first aidfirst aid,
immediate and temporary treatment of a victim of sudden illness or injury while awaiting the arrival of medical aid. Proper early measures may be instrumental in saving life and ensuring a better and more rapid recovery.
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). Antivenins, which counteract the toxins, are available for most types of snake venom. The two main groups of poisonous snakes in the United States are the coral snakes, which rarely attack humans unless provoked, and the pit vipers (copperhead, cottonmouth moccasin, the various rattlers), which require no provocation.

snakebite

1. a bite inflicted by a snake, esp a venomous one
2. a drink of cider and lager
References in periodicals archive ?
A snake bite is a medical emergency that needs hospital management.
Snake bite is an important medical emergency and an occupational health hazard in India, especially in rural population.
But he lamented that there is a high number of unreported snakebite cases, which denies the government vital statistics.SNAKE BITE HOTSPOTS"Right now we have a map that identifies snake bite hotspots and the snakebite burden of key areas, which will help us distribute the antivenom," Dr Matendechero said.
The hospital started operation in 1960 as a private facility and opened its snake bite division in 1980.
Animals are generally attacked by snake bite during grazing or hunting.
Muscat: An Oman-based professor and a doctor from Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) claim to have invented an effective cure for snake bites. Prof.
Also, the juice of Schumanniophyton magnificum is widely used in African ethnomedicine as snake bite remedies in Nigeria and the protective effects of the extracts against snake's venom have been demonstrated.
Around 25% of all cases of snake bites presented to us were non-poisonous and were discharged after the mandatory period of observation, and were managed with supportive measures alone, and only confirmed cases of poisonous snake bites were included in the analysis.
The incidence of snake bites depends critically on the frequency of contact between snakes and humans.
HARIPUR -- Two children on Saturday died of snake bites at a village in Nara Amazai North of Haripu.
The whole family was left devastated by the sudden turn of events but now wants to warn others about the dangers of snake bites.
Patna: A man in Bihar landed in hospital after exposing himself to frequent snake bites, a practice he believed would compensate for his liquor addiction.