Snorri Sturluson


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Related to Snorri Sturluson: Prose Edda

Snorri Sturluson or Sturleson

(snôr`rē stür`lüsôn, –lĕsôn), 1178–1241, Icelandic chieftain, historian, critic, and saga teller, the leading figure in medieval Norse literature. He was the author of the invaluable Prose Edda (see EddaEdda
, title applied to two distinct works in Old Icelandic. The Poetic Edda, or Elder Edda, is a collection (late 13th cent.) of 34 mythological and heroic lays, most of which were composed c.800–c.1200, probably in Iceland or W Norway.
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), a treatise on the art of poetry and a compendium of Norse mythology. His great saga the Heimskringla recounts the history of Norway to 1177; it combines traditional legend with substantial historical information and is of great literary merit. Snorri's sense of drama was outstanding, his mastery of form and method superb. Of an aristocratic family, Snorri acquired great wealth and became one of the most influential men in Iceland. Active in the politics of his day, he agreed to support the plan of Haakon IV for the annexation of Iceland to Norway, and thereafter he became increasingly entangled in intrigues and hostilities. In the struggle for control of Iceland he was killed by henchmen of his son-in-law, for political reasons as well as for reasons of inheritance.

Bibliography

See biography by M. Ciklamini (1978); N. M. Brown, Song of the Vikings (2012).


Sturluson or Sturleson, Snorri:

see Snorri SturlusonSnorri Sturluson or Sturleson
, 1178–1241, Icelandic chieftain, historian, critic, and saga teller, the leading figure in medieval Norse literature.
..... Click the link for more information.
.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Snorri Sturluson

 

Born 1178 in Hvammur; died Sept. 23, 1241, in Reykholt. Icelandic prose writer and poet.

Snorri Sturluson was descended from the house of the Stur-lungs, which waged a struggle for power in the first half of the 13th century. Three times he was choosen lawspeaker, the highest office of the Icelandic Commonwealth. He was killed by order of the Norwegian king Haakon for disobedience.

Snorri’s Prose Edda, also called the Younger Edda, is the most important source on ancient Icelandic mythology and skaldic poetry. His Heimskringla, also called Orbis terrarum, is a history of Norway from ancient times to 1177. In this work, Snorri discriminatingly selected the most authentic elements from written and oral sources and interpreted them judiciously yet at the same time followed the narrative style of the sagas and used dialogues and monologues to create a lively picture of Norway’s history.

WORKS

Heimskringla, vols. 1-3. Reykjavik, 1941–51.
In Russian translation:
Mladshaia Edda. [Afterword by M. I. Steblin-Kamenskii.] Leningrad, 1970.

REFERENCES

Nordal, S. Snorri Sturluson. Reykjavik, 1920.
Paasche, F. Snorre Sturlason og Sturlungerne. Christiania. 1922.

M. I. STEBLIN-KAMENSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Snorri Sturluson

1179--1241, Icelandic historian and poet; author of Younger or Prose Edda (?1222), containing a collection of Norse myths and a treatise on poetry, and the Heimskringla sagas of the Norwegian kings from their mythological origins to the 12th century
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Thanks to the efforts of one man in the 13th century - an Icelandic poet and historian by the name of Snorri Sturluson, the Norse myths were preserved.
On the theme of 'Centre' and 'Periphery' in medieval historiography, see Sverre Bagge, Society and Politics in Snorri Sturluson's Heimskringla' (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991), esp.
Other examples of allusion include the expression 'noble simplicity and quiet grandeur,' which evokes Winckelmann's well-known definition of classic Greek sculpture, 'edle Einfalt und stille GroBe.' Or the phrase 'Sing the sword, wield the sword,' which recalls the Scandinavian poet Snorri Sturluson, who wrote the Edda Snorra or Edda Minore, epic works of Scandinavian mythology; though he celebrated courage in war, he was said to be a coward, able to sing but not wield the sword.
Anansi gains stories from the Sky God Nyame after using trickery to capture the python, the leopard, the hornets and the dwarf, while Thoreau's writing of both Walden and "Civil Disobedience" as reactions to the structures and regulations imposed upon him by "American" culture, and their subsequent reception and influence can be argued to serve the same purpose of a means to an end that challenges the previously established system through "amoral actions." Consequently, if Thoreau is esteemed in the same fashion as Anansi, Pound, conversely, is regarded akin to the trickster Loki of the Norse traditions (particularly the Loki depicted in Snorri Sturluson's translation of the Prose Edda).
He also led me to appreciate the humor of James Thurber and the company of his first dog, named Snorri Sturluson. And he did not do his dissertation in the Spanish department, as I did, but in comparative literature with Rene Wellek, on the early historians of Spanish literature: Bouterwek, Sismondi, Ticknor.
Very few recent historians could make such telling use on a single page (page 44 has been chosen entirely at random, but is typical) of Robert of Torigny, Saxo Grammaticus, Snorri Sturluson, the Glossary of Cormac, the Peterhorough Chronicle, and the Erfurt Annals.
The Prose Edda, a compilation of Viking lore authored by Snorri Sturluson in the 13th century, puts the mythic sky wolf Skoll ("Repulsion") at the Sun's throat while a second wolf, Hati ("Hatred"), dogs the Moon.
The late twelfth- and early thirteenth-century chroniclers Sven Aggesen and Saxo Grammaticus are in agreement on that point, as are the thirteenth-century Icelandic historian Snorri Sturluson and the late Old Icelandic Saga of King Hrolf Kraki.