football hooliganism

(redirected from Soccer hooligan)

football hooliganism

the violent crowd disorder, and associated football-related disturbances away from football grounds, which first attracted major public and media attention in the 1960s. After initial attempts to explain football violence in terms of the psychological characteristics of the ‘hooligans’ (Harrington, 1968), more recently a variety of sociological explanations have been suggested:
  1. opposition to the commercialization of football and the growing distance between players and the owners of clubs on the one hand, and ordinary working-class supporters on the other (Taylor, 1971);
  2. rather than ‘true’ violence, behaviour which appears disordered and threatening in fact often has its own ‘rules of disorder’: is ritualized (Marsh et al., 1978);
  3. deriving from LABELLING THEORY and DEVIANCE AMPLIFICATION (see Cohen, 1973), ‘hooliganism’ is seen as a media-amplified MORAL PANIC;
  4. since football violence has a long history increased modern attention to it is a reflection of a ‘civilizing’ tendency in society which has resulted in a lower societal tolerance of violence of the kind long associated with working-class conceptions of masculinity but now socially unacceptable (Dunning et al., 1988) (see also CIVILIZING PROCESS.

Arguably, each of these explanations has some justification.

References in periodicals archive ?
The ex-undercover TV reporter has suffered death threats from crime gangs and a revenge attack by a Chelsea soccer hooligan.
Human traffickers ditch a foreign baby with a working-class couple, who so love their new child that the husband drops his racist soccer hooligan pals.
The 31-year-old is accused of helping to hide an on-therun soccer hooligan accused of beating a man to death in Buenos Aires in August 2011.
Jon, 37, of Peterhead, Aberdeenshire, first met Welsh at the premiere of his 2009 film Cass, which charted the life and times of notorious West Ham soccer hooligan Cass Pennant.
Has he perhaps decided to try to improve UKIP's electoral prospects by going for the soccer hooligan vote?
Cast: Paul Anderson, Calum McNab, Daniel Mays Plot: This pointless remake of a 1988 TV film by the late Brummie writer/actor Al Hunter Ashton is directed by Nick Love, who also brought us the soccer hooligan film The Football Factory.
Footage captured by TV3's Lawless Ireland, to be shown tomorrow at 9pm, shows just how bad our soccer hooligan problem has become.
A SOCCER hooligan who hurled a flare towards a coach of rival fans, was yesterday banned from every ground for three years.
He's from Peru, where he grew up surfing, skating, and being a soccer hooligan until age 17.
In a nutshell: American visitor gets caught up in London's violent soccer hooligan culture, with melodramatic results.
Another Gillman, which looked like a soccer hooligan, was so incensed that it could only growl at me as it passed.
When he's not setting a volleyball, the legendary soccer hooligan can be seen drinking himself into a coma.