Social Gospel

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Social Gospel,

liberal movement within American Protestantism that attempted to apply biblical teachings to problems associated with industrialization. It took form during the latter half of the 19th cent. under the leadership of Washington GladdenGladden, Washington,
1836–1918, American clergyman, writer, and lecturer, b. Pottsgrove, Pa. He was pastor of the First Congregational Church, Columbus, Ohio, from 1882 until his death.
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 and Walter RauschenbuschRauschenbusch, Walter
, 1861–1918, American clergyman, b. Rochester, N.Y. In 1886 he was ordained and began work among German immigrants as pastor of the Second German Baptist Church in New York City. He studied (1891–92) economics and theology at the Univ.
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, who feared the isolation of religion from the working class. They believed in social progress and the essential goodness of humanity. The views of the Social Gospel movement were given formal expression in 1908 when the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America adopted what was later called "the social creed of the churches." Advocated in the creed were the abolition of child labor, better working conditions for women, one day off during the week, and the right of every worker to a living wage. With the rise of the organized labor movement in the early 20th cent. the Social Gospel movement lost much of its appeal as an independent force. However, many of its ideals were later embodied in the New Deal legislation of the 1930s.
References in periodicals archive ?
In that work, he looked the founders of the black social gospel movement, ministers like Reverdy C.
Gilman became first a convert to the Social Gospel movement, then to outright Socialism, attending international party congresses and running repeatedly for public office.
ALTHOUGH THE HISTORY OF CANADA's oldest adult literacy organization, Frontier College, is of great relevance to labour studies, it has been more or less ignored by this field, largely because of its links to the early 20th-century social gospel movement and because of the difficulty of studying workers' responses to the association.
She became a minister's wife when the Social Gospel movement was sweeping through Protestant churches, emphasizing the Christian duty towards society and the need to work tirelessly at promoting social and spiritual well-being.
Walter Rauschenbusch's Social Gospel movement of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries had a lasting influence upon most mainstream Christian denominations, but among Rauschenbusch's own denomination only progressive Baptists in the North embraced the Social Gospel significantly.
"In the late 19th and early 20th century," Mason writes, "the church dropped many of its overtly communitarian practices and shifted toward making personal morality the mark of saintliness." This change roughly followed the path of conservative Protestant churches at the time as they parted ways with the reform agenda of the liberal Social Gospel movement.
Although several movements within Christianity have sought to promote diversity and social justice (e.g., Social Gospel movement, Rauschenbusch, 1917; Liberation theology, Gutierrez, 1973), integration scholarship on underprivileged groups and social justice has been rare (Canning, Case, & Kruse, 2001).
Religious people did not wholly embrace the Social Gospel movement's conclusions, however.
In Chapter 5, "Muckraking the Nation's Conscience: Journalists and the social Gospel," underwood straightforwardly argues "the spirit of the social Gospel movement still animates American journalism" (p.
For example, Swarts makes only offhand mention of the worship, prayer, or theological elements of the congregation-based organizations she studied and says next to nothing of the Social Gospel movement.
Social Gospel movement of which Rauschenbusch was a leading proponent,
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries groups as diverse as the Civil Rights movement the Moral Majority and the Social Gospel movement all arose out of churches as attempts to address failed public policy.