Social Security Agreement

Social Security Agreement

 

an international agreement that regulates the procedure of providing social security for citizens of one country who are temporarily or permanently residing in another country.

In the 20th century population migration has led to a sharp increase in the number of foreign workers, especially in developed capitalist states. The working conditions of foreign workers in capitalist states are usually worse than those of the country’s own citizens, as are the social security benefits. Foreign laborers are legally discriminated against in three main ways. In some countries foreigners are denied any right to social security. Foreigners are granted rights to social security in other countries on a reciprocal basis, that is, only if the same rights are granted in the foreigner’s own country to citizens of the country where he is residing or staying. In other countries a special system of voluntary—not mandatory—insurance is used for foreigners.

In order to eliminate such discrimination, a series of multilateral conventions on social security was concluded under the auspices of the International Labor Organization. As a rule, however, the problem is regulated chiefly by bilateral agreements. The first bilateral accord on social security was concluded in 1904 between France and Italy. Since World War II (1939–45), numerous agreements on social security have been concluded between capitalist countries. Most of them concern one or a few forms of security, for example, old-age pensions, disability pensions, pensions for loss of breadwinner, and allowances for temporary disability or unemployment. The accords provide that the length of the employment period in both countries will be taken into consideration and that each country will pay a part of the pension in proportion to the employment period of the worker on its territory.

Foreigners who are permanent residents in socialist countries receive different treatment. With certain exceptions, they enjoy the same rights as the citizens of the country in which they reside. The USSR has agreements granting such treatment with Czechoslovakia (Dec. 2, 1959), Bulgaria (Dec. 11, 1959), the German Democratic Republic (May 24,1960), Rumania (Dec. 24, 1960), and Hungary (Dec. 20, 1962). These agreements cover every type of security that is established or will be established by the legislation of the contracting parties. Pensions, allowances, and other forms of assistance are granted to the citizens of the contracting parties on the same terms and in the same amounts as to their own citizens; that is, equality of aliens is guaranteed with regard to social security, and the length of the employment period is credited in both contracting states. Thus, if the person receiving the pension has moved from one country to another, the state to which he moved will pay his entire pension.

References in periodicals archive ?
For those whose totalized periods of pension coverage still fail to meet the requirement for pension entitlements, their periods can be aggregated with those completed in a third country, provided the ROK and Luxembourg both have concluded a bilateral social security agreement with that third country that stipulates the totalization of periods of pension coverage.
Visa waiver and a social security agreement affecting the length of service of some 400,000 Bulgarians.
Loren Legarda when she proposed in January last year a framework for a social security agreement with Germany, to provide a safety net for Filipinos working abroad.
Based on the provision of the IRR, land-based OFWs in countries which do not have the necessary Social Security Agreement (SSA) with the Philippines will have to pay their SSS premiums as voluntary members.
(TAP) - A Tunisian-Swiss social security agreement was signed Monday in Tunis.
President Sooronbai Jeenbekov has signed the law on ratification of the social security agreement between the Governments of Kyrgyzstan and Turkey signed on 9 April 2018 in Ankara, the president's press service said.
Minister of Civil Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina Adil Osmanovic and Swiss Ambassador to BiH Andrea Rauber Saxer signed today in Sarajevo a Social Security Agreement between the two countries.
In particular, a Memorandum of Cooperation was signed between the Investment Support and Promotion Agency of Turkey and the Investment Promotion and Protection Agency of Kyrgyzstan, the Agreement on Cooperation in Physical Culture and Sport between the Government of Kyrgyzstan and the Government of Turkey, the Agreement on Cooperation between the Government of Kyrgyzstan and the Government of Turkey in Agriculture, the Agreement between the Government of Kyrgyzstan and the Government of Turkey on mutual promotion and protection of investments, the Social Security Agreement between the Government of Kyrgyzstan and the Government of Turkey, the Protocol on Cooperation between the Government of Kyrgyzstan and the Government of Turkey in the field of media and information.
Friday's summit also led to the conclusion of negotiations for a social security agreement, under which some 13,000 South Korean business people and laborers currently in Vietnam will be exempt from Vietnam's new mandatory social welfare program over the next five years, according to Cheong Wa Dae.
During the meeting, Kishida and Cavusoglu also agreed that the two countries will promote negotiations on the Japan-Turkey Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA), the Social Security Agreement. Kishida also expressed Japan's readiness for further cooperation for the establishment of Turkish and Japanese Science and Technology University and cooperation on cultural aspects such as archaeology field.
The two leaders witnessed the signing of the Philippines-Japan Social Security Agreement which will maintain the benefit rights of workers who have divided their careers between the Philippines and Japan.
Over the years, we have signed several bilateral agreements among which the Social Security Agreement (2011) and the MoU on Air Services (2012).
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