Social Security Agreement

Social Security Agreement

 

an international agreement that regulates the procedure of providing social security for citizens of one country who are temporarily or permanently residing in another country.

In the 20th century population migration has led to a sharp increase in the number of foreign workers, especially in developed capitalist states. The working conditions of foreign workers in capitalist states are usually worse than those of the country’s own citizens, as are the social security benefits. Foreign laborers are legally discriminated against in three main ways. In some countries foreigners are denied any right to social security. Foreigners are granted rights to social security in other countries on a reciprocal basis, that is, only if the same rights are granted in the foreigner’s own country to citizens of the country where he is residing or staying. In other countries a special system of voluntary—not mandatory—insurance is used for foreigners.

In order to eliminate such discrimination, a series of multilateral conventions on social security was concluded under the auspices of the International Labor Organization. As a rule, however, the problem is regulated chiefly by bilateral agreements. The first bilateral accord on social security was concluded in 1904 between France and Italy. Since World War II (1939–45), numerous agreements on social security have been concluded between capitalist countries. Most of them concern one or a few forms of security, for example, old-age pensions, disability pensions, pensions for loss of breadwinner, and allowances for temporary disability or unemployment. The accords provide that the length of the employment period in both countries will be taken into consideration and that each country will pay a part of the pension in proportion to the employment period of the worker on its territory.

Foreigners who are permanent residents in socialist countries receive different treatment. With certain exceptions, they enjoy the same rights as the citizens of the country in which they reside. The USSR has agreements granting such treatment with Czechoslovakia (Dec. 2, 1959), Bulgaria (Dec. 11, 1959), the German Democratic Republic (May 24,1960), Rumania (Dec. 24, 1960), and Hungary (Dec. 20, 1962). These agreements cover every type of security that is established or will be established by the legislation of the contracting parties. Pensions, allowances, and other forms of assistance are granted to the citizens of the contracting parties on the same terms and in the same amounts as to their own citizens; that is, equality of aliens is guaranteed with regard to social security, and the length of the employment period is credited in both contracting states. Thus, if the person receiving the pension has moved from one country to another, the state to which he moved will pay his entire pension.

References in periodicals archive ?
Administrative Agreement for the Application of the Ibero-American Social Security Agreement between the Republic of Colombia and the Republic of Peru.
During the meeting, Kishida and Cavusoglu also agreed that the two countries will promote negotiations on the Japan-Turkey Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA), the Social Security Agreement.
Among the pensioners who will receive up to P3,000 additional pension on Friday were those under the Special Pension System which includes death claim with more than one payee and one of them is overpaid; payees with withheld share; and those covered by a Bilateral Social Security Agreement between the Philippines and other countries and the Portability Law.
The two leaders witnessed the signing of the Philippines-Japan Social Security Agreement which will maintain the benefit rights of workers who have divided their careers between the Philippines and Japan.
Over the years, we have signed several bilateral agreements among which the Social Security Agreement (2011) and the MoU on Air Services (2012).
Renewal of the US-India Defence Framework Agreement, bilateral cooperation in the development of clean and renewable energy, enhanced bilateral cooperation in counter-terrorism mechanisms, resumption of discussions on the social security agreement for expatriate Indians employed in the US and once again getting Washington to make an in-principle public acceptance of India's legitimate claim to a permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council were the other highlights of the joint press interaction.
Modi said India and the US will "restart" discussions on the Social Security Agreement and resume talks on BIT.
Social Security Agreement with nine countries namely Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, Denmark, Luxembourg, France, South Korea, Netherlands and Hungary are operative.
One exception applies to certain wages paid during any period in which there is in effect an International Social Security agreement, often called a "totalization agreement.
Retirement rights of Bulgarian immigrants in Canada received final guarantees Wednesday with the Parliament's ratification of the social security agreement between the two countries.
India and Sweden on Monday signed a social security agreement, which would help improve employment opportunities for citizens of both nations.
The other deal - Social Security Agreement - will immediately benefit about 30,000 citizens of both countries.
Full browser ?