Social Wasp

Social Wasp


the general name for insects of the subfamilies Polybiinae, Polistinae, and Vespinae of the family Vespidae.

Polybiine wasps live mainly in Central and South America. Two genera are found in Africa, and there is one genus in South Asia. The wasps live in communities consisting of one or more fertile females and a large number of infertile females (workers). They build papery nests made of horizontal honeycombs with hexagonal cells that open below, in which the young develop. Like bees, they manufacture honey in their nests.

The subfamilies Polistinae and Vespinae are distributed on all continents. In the USSR they comprise about 25 species. The nests of Polistinae consist of one honeycomb and do not have a protective sheath; those of Vespinae consist of several honeycombs surrounded by a general protective sheath of several layers of paper. The wasps rear the larvae of killed insects.

The families of social wasps living in the temperate zone are annual; those dwelling in tropical regions are perennial. The wasps are usually beneficial, because they destroy many harmful insects. Some species, such as the European hornet (Vespa crab-ro), may interfere with beekeeping.

References in periodicals archive ?
TEHRAN (FNA)- The social wasp Polybia paulista protects itself against predators by producing venom known to contain a powerful cancer-fighting ingredient.
Intraspecific comb usurpation in the social wasp Polistes fuscatus.
The UK boasts around eight species of social wasp, the most widespread are the Common and the German wasps.
The objective of the current study was to identify and to measure colonies of the social wasp Polistes versicolor Olivier, 1791 (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) that were attacked by parasitoids in the campus of the Federal University of Vicosa in Vicosa, Minas Gerais State, Brazil.
Mitigation of social wasp numbers and pest status can sometimes be achieved with poison baits (Chang 1988; Hanna et al.
The hornet is Britain's largest social wasp and is rarely aggressive as it will usually only attack if the colony is threatened.
Behavioral ecology of the social wasp, Mischocyttarus mexicanus.
Most larval descriptions of social wasp larvae were limited to last-instar larvae and to determining the number of larval instars (Giannotti & Silva 1993, Giannotti 1995).
For example, colonies of the social wasp, Polistes simillimus Zikan, 1951 (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) have been transferred to maize plantings to control Spodoptera frugiperda J.
Tables listing frequencies of dominance behavior for all possible pairs of individuals were obtained by video recordings in 31 colonies of 4 neotropical social wasp species in Brazil.

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