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(1) Teaching the details of a subject. With regard to software, training provides instruction for each command and function in an application. Contrast with education.

(2) In communications, the process by which two modems determine the correct protocols and transmission speeds to use.

(3) In voice recognition systems, the recording of the user's voice in order to provide samples and patterns for recognizing that voice.



in fruit growing and ornamental horticulture, imparting a certain shape to the crowns of trees. The crowns of fruit trees and shrubs are made light-permeable, sturdy, and compact to ensure high yields and convenience in managing, cultivation, and harvesting (by mechanized means). Crown shapes are classified as high-trunk (taller than 150 cm), average trunk (70–100 cm), low-trunk (50–60 cm), shrub (shorter than 40 cm), and trunkless (berry bushes and, sometimes, plum, cherry, and certain spreading forms). Depending on the arrangement of the branches, the crowns may be free-growing (improved-natural) or artificial.

Most common in fruit-growing is the free-growing crown, in the formation of which the natural growth of the tree or shrub is only slightly disrupted. Free-growing crowns include the whorled-layered crown whose principal skeletal branches are arranged in whorls of five in two or three layers, and the thinned-layered crown whose skeletal branches are arranged in layers of three, with solitary branches between them. Artificial crown shapes are used in topiary work and in ornamental horticulture. In beautifying city streets trees are usually trained to have a high trunk (up to 2 m) and a spherical crown. In parks trees are often trained in the form of geometric shapes, vases, and animals. Training is usually begun in plant nurseries and completed at the permanent planting site. The principal method of tree training is pruning.




References in periodicals archive ?
All social skills training and training setting probes took place in a clinic-based treatment room that was approximately 3 m by 6 m.
Social skills training for psychiatric patients: Psychology practitioners guidebooks.
Family psichoeducation social skills training and maintenance chemotherapy in the aftercare treatment of schizophrenia.
Teaching theory of mind: A new approach to social skills training for individuals with autism.
In conclusion, significant gains were observed in a very short period of time in the areas of social awareness, social cognition, autistic mannerisms, and overall social responsiveness when social skills training was implemented by paraprofessionals in the general education classroom.
Before the Social Skills Training Program for Children took place and pretests were administered, the principals and class teachers of the schools where the research was being carried out were interviewed and convenient periods of time for the administration of the tests were determined.
This is also surprising, given the evidence supporting the effectiveness of social skills training interventions in improving competence of children with various conditions such as learning disabilities and cancer (Forenss & Kavale, 1996; Gresham, 1985, Schenider, 1992; Varni, Katz, Colegrove, & Dolgin, 1993).
Cheung and Tsang (2005) selected salesperson as the pioneering project to identify the factor structure of essential social skills for this job and developed a Job-specific Social Skills Training (JSST) module to help consumers gain employment based on their job preferences.
They show how schools can meet standards and provide a "least restrictive environment" for students with disabilities by using cooperative learning, teaming, multi-age grouping, multicultural education, social skills training, and educational technology applications.
Parent behavior management and child social skills training programs have demonstrated efficacy in clinical research settings and are highly efficient treatment modalities.
This more behavioral, skills training (SST) approach has dominated the field of social skills training and is the model that I have used in my own work.
The recommendations cited in this article use as a point of departure the Education Trust's position that skill deficits can be overcome with supplemental instruction such as social skills training.