Socioeconomic Structure

Socioeconomic Structure


the integrated system of production relations that determines the societal pattern of production. Societies may have one or more such structures, but in the latter case one socioeconomic structure will dominate. Unifying and subordinating the other structures, the dominant structure defines the character of the society and determines which socioeconomic formation the society belongs to. In this sense, the dominant structure serves as the foundation of society as a whole.

A socioeconomic structure that has attained dominance in a “social organism” may subsequently lose its position; by the same token, a subordinate structure may come to be dominant. More fundamental is the distinction between formative and non-formative structures. The first type includes primitive communal, slaveholding, feudal, capitalist, and communist structures. Non-formative structures are those that in principle are unable to dominate; this type includes patriarchal (subsistence economy) and petit bourgeois (small commodity-exchange economy) structures.

It is sometimes the case that production relations exist in a society without constituting an integrated system. Here, the relations merely form an adjunct of greater or lesser importance to the socioeconomic structure formed by production relations of a different type. Examples are provided by hired labor in ancient Babylonia and ancient Rome and slavery in Russia in the 15th to 17th centuries. Transitional historical periods, during which no socioeconomic structure is dominant, are also known to occur, for example, in societies in transition from capitalism to socialism. In Soviet Russia during the 1920’s, the socialist socioeconomic structure occupied the leading position. However, a patriarchal peasant economy, small-scale commodity production, private capitalism, and state capitalism also existed (V. I. Lenin, Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 36, p. 296; vol. 43, pp. 158, 207, 221). In modern times, the absence of a dominant socioeconomic structure is characteristic of many developing countries in Asia and, especially, Africa.


Lenin, V. I. Razvitie kapitalizma v Rossii. Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 3.
Lenin, V. I. “Retsenziia: A. Bogdanov, Kratkii kurs ekonomicheskoi nauki.” Ibid., vol. 4.
Lenin, V. I. “Tri istochnika i tri sostavnykh chasti marksizma.” Ibid., vol. 23.
Lenin, V. I. “O ’levom’ rebiachestve i o melkoburzhuaznosti.” Ibid., vol. 36.
Lenin, V. I. “Velikii pochin.” Ibid., vol. 39.
Lenin, V. I. “O prodovol’stvennom naloge.” Ibid., vol. 43.
Semenov, Iu. I. “Kategoriia ‘obshchestvenno-ekonomicheskii uklad’ i ego znachenie dlia filosofskoi i istoricheskoi nauk.” Nauch. dokl. vyssheishkoly: Filosofskie nauki, 1964, no. 3.


References in periodicals archive ?
Good health is a foundation upon which to build a vibrant socioeconomic structure in areas long neglected by government due to a variety of lawful and illicit factors.
However, this awareness has not been translated into action, nor has it reflected an adequate understanding of Jordan's historical socioeconomic structure.
In doing so, it is designed to add more value to the socioeconomic structure by working with and supporting low income families on multiple fronts, said Yew Looi Liew, Head of Corporate Division Prescription Medicine Emerging Markets at Boehringer Ingelheim.
Congratulating Khan on his appointment, LCCI President Malik Tahir Javaid, Senior Vice President Khawaja Khawar Rashid and Vice President Zeeshan Khalil called for immediate measures to improve the economic signals and socioeconomic structure of the country.
This growth is expected to be supported by the growing purchasing power of Moroccan consumers and ongoing changes in the socioeconomic structure of the country as people are leading increasingly hectic lifestyles and enjoying higher disposable incomes.
The socioeconomic structure of our country, before and after Edsa I, remains the same.
At the same time Pakistan faces fracture socioeconomic structure and flaws in our planning and implementation strategy, he added.
Brazilians are well-known as colorful people with various ethnic backgrounds and diverse socioeconomic structure. Residents of various participating cities in the World Cup have taken to the streets to show their support for their national team and welcoming guests by painting nearly every available surface in different interpretations of the Brazilian flag, its colors and the national team players.
If Lent is a penitential period of self-purification and identification with Christ the just and merciful Saviour, a true follower of Christ needs to fast from all the evils that perpetuate an unjust and oppressive socioeconomic structure of the day.
If an understanding of India's socioeconomic structure is important to Khakhar's work, it is because his subject is ultimately the formation of identity--specifi-cally those new identities that seem to escape or transgress their cultural milieus: the postcolonial and the postmodern, the gendered and the queer, the localized and the mass mediated.
Is it really more important that children be prepared to bolster a pre-determined socioeconomic structure than that they be given the ability to actually even question the very validity of that structure?
The probe comes to fruition as they have come up with a series of whys and ifs related to the underdeveloped agriculture sector and the underlying socioeconomic structure being the main cause.