Socotra


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Socotra

(səkō`trə, sō–), island, 1,383 sq mi (3,582 sq km), S Yemen, at the mouth of the Gulf of Aden. With three much smaller islands to the west it forms the Socotra Archipelago governorate. Socotra's mountainous interior rises to c.5,000 ft (1,520 m). Its unusual plants and animals, many of them unique to the island, make Socotra one of the most biologically diverse locations in the world. The inhabitants speak Socotri, a South Semitic language. Most farm, fish, or herd; exports include fish, ghee, aloes, and frankincense.

Known to the ancient Greeks, Socotra shared the political fortunes of S Arabia, though it remained predominantly Christian until the 17th cent. The Portuguese briefly occupied the island in the early 1500s, and it was occupied by the East India Company in 1834. In 1886 it became part of Britain's Aden protectorate and was used as a refueling station. In 1967, Socotra was joined to the newly formed nation of South Yemen, which merged with northern Yemen in 1990. The island was the site of a Soviet base in the 1970s and 80s.

Socotra

 

(also Sokotra, Soqotra), a group of islands in the Indian Ocean, the largest of which is Socotra. The islands, located east of Cape Guardafui in Africa, belong to the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen. They cover an area of 3,600 sq km and are composed chiefly of crystalline rocks. The maximum elevation is 1,503 m, on the island of Socotra. The climate is tropical and dry. The average temperature is 21°C in January and 28°C in June. Annual precipitation is between 250 and 300 mm. The islands have semidesert vegetation, with groves of xerophytic trees in the east and in the mountainous regions. The population engages in the cultivation of date palms, the raising of sheep and goats, and fishing.

Socotra

, Sokotra, Suqutra
an island in the Indian Ocean, about 240 km (150 miles) off Cape Guardafui, Somalia: administratively part of Yemen. Capital: Tamrida. Area: 3100 sq. km (1200 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Seven Socotra natives are now in Bahrain for a five-day workshop that is teaching them how to study, document and preserve both its tangible and intangible heritage through photographs and video.
Le bateau, qui voguait de la ville portuaire de Moukalla vers Socotra, est porte disparu depuis cinq jours.
Socotra is an island and a small archipelago of four islands in the Indian Ocean.
Hypolimnas bolina is widely distributed in the Oriental and Australasian Regions, as well as on the islands of Madagascar, Mauritius and Socotra in the Afrotropical Region.
The Royal Air Force of Oman flights, which started taking off on Tuesday morning, carried foodstuff and other materials to meet the basic needs of the residents of Socotra Island.
Meanwhile, the Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan Foundation announced that it has sent 80 tonnes of food and medicines this week to Socotra, an island in Southern Yemen.
Solar Energy for Electrification in Central Momi Villages, Hadibu District, Socotra, Yemen.
Some, in places like the North American deserts and Socotra, have shapes most people have never seen.
In the northwest Indian Ocean, near the Gulf of Aden is the Socotra Archipelago, stretching across four islands and two rocky islets.
At the same time, Obama was reported to have secretly ordered US air, naval and marine forces to build up heavy concentrations on Masirah (just south of the Hormuz Strait) and Socotra which is part of a Yemeni archipelago in the Indian Ocean.
The piece of art is part of the Stuart Collection, which in a 1982 agreement uses the entire UCSD campus as a site for commissioned sculpture AT SEA A rare Socotra cormorant, which landed on the flight deck of the Royal Navy''''s helicopter carrier HMS Illustrious, briefly halting operations as the vessel was patrolling the Gulf as part of a major training exercise PHILIPPINES Commuters cross a damaged bridge at Cortes township, Bohol province yesterday.
com)-- This October 30th 2013, an intrepid team of Secret Compass adventurers will head to the Yemeni island of Socotra on a pioneering expedition to summit the island's highest peak, Mount Hajhir.