Socotra


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Socotra

(səkō`trə, sō–), island, 1,383 sq mi (3,582 sq km), S Yemen, at the mouth of the Gulf of Aden. With three much smaller islands to the west it forms the Socotra Archipelago governorate. Socotra's mountainous interior rises to c.5,000 ft (1,520 m). Its unusual plants and animals, many of them unique to the island, make Socotra one of the most biologically diverse locations in the world. The inhabitants speak Socotri, a South Semitic language. Most farm, fish, or herd; exports include fish, ghee, aloes, and frankincense.

Known to the ancient Greeks, Socotra shared the political fortunes of S Arabia, though it remained predominantly Christian until the 17th cent. The Portuguese briefly occupied the island in the early 1500s, and it was occupied by the East India Company in 1834. In 1886 it became part of Britain's Aden protectorate and was used as a refueling station. In 1967, Socotra was joined to the newly formed nation of South Yemen, which merged with northern Yemen in 1990. The island was the site of a Soviet base in the 1970s and 80s.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Socotra

 

(also Sokotra, Soqotra), a group of islands in the Indian Ocean, the largest of which is Socotra. The islands, located east of Cape Guardafui in Africa, belong to the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen. They cover an area of 3,600 sq km and are composed chiefly of crystalline rocks. The maximum elevation is 1,503 m, on the island of Socotra. The climate is tropical and dry. The average temperature is 21°C in January and 28°C in June. Annual precipitation is between 250 and 300 mm. The islands have semidesert vegetation, with groves of xerophytic trees in the east and in the mountainous regions. The population engages in the cultivation of date palms, the raising of sheep and goats, and fishing.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Socotra

, Sokotra, Suqutra
an island in the Indian Ocean, about 240 km (150 miles) off Cape Guardafui, Somalia: administratively part of Yemen. Capital: Tamrida. Area: 3100 sq. km (1200 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The first collection box was set up at RAK Mall in Ras Al Khaimah, said Al Falasi, adding that individuals have begun donating school supplies for Yemeni children in Socotra.
Members of Yemen's Saudi-backed former government said on Wednesday that around 100 separatists had disembarked in civilian clothes on Monday from a UAE naval vessel on Socotra, Reuters reported.
The official was commenting on a Reuters report alleging that the Yemeni government had accused the UAE of landing around 100 southern separatist fighters in the remote island of Socotra this week.
Saudi Arabia, leader of the pro-Hadi Arab coalition, had to send troops to Socotra to defuse a standoff between Emirati and Hadi forces.
The San Francisco start-up, Socotra, is a cloud platform being billed as the "chassis upon which the insurance products of tomorrow will be built." The Socotra suite includes policy administration, underwriting, claims, reinsurance, billing and reporting modules.
"We have also briefed them on the initiatives launched by Saudi Arabia and the Saudi-led coalition to support the humanitarian situation in Yemen and explained to them the projects currently being implemented by SRPY in several Yemeni governorates, including Al-Jawf, Marib, Hadramout, Al-Mahrah, Socotra and Dhala, and the importance of supporting Yemen's economy.
There are believed to be around 20,000 Socotra cormorants nesting at an island called Suwad Al Janubiya (South Suwad), which is part of the Hawar Islands archipelago.
Dr Corina Weber treats a patient at Sheikh Khalifa Hospital in Yemen's Socotra area.
The Yemeni island of Socotra, a UNESCO paradise, along with Abd al-Kuri Island were reportedly (but there's no clear source) leased for 99 years in 2016 from Yemeni president Mansur Abd Rabbuh Hadi, who sought to gain Abu Dhabi's support amid the conflict gripping the impoverished state.
Summary: Porbandar (Gujarat) [India], June 6 (ANI): The Indian Naval Ship Sunayna on Thursday reached India's Porbandar harbour after successfully evacuating 38 Indian nationals, who were stranded in Socotra Islands in the aftermath of cyclone Mekuna.
The cyclone also killed at least seven people in the Yemeni island of Socotra, a Yemeni official said on Saturday.
At least one person, a 12-year-old girl, died in Oman and 40 others are missing from the Yemeni island of Socotra, which earlier took the storm's brunt, police said.