Sofia District

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sofia District


an administrative and territorial unit in western Bulgaria. Area, 7,400 sq km. Population, 326,000 (1974). The administrative center is the city of Sofia, which administratively is not part of the district. The northern part of the district is occupied by part of the Stara Planina (Balkan Mountains), the south by the Rila Mountains, and the east by the Sredna Gora. The bulk of the population is concentrated in intermontane basins, of which the Sofia Basin is the largest. There are deposits of coal (mainly brown coal), complex ores, and copper ores.

Sofia District has an industrial and agrarian economy; the ratio of the gross industrial output to the gross agricultural output was 43:57 in 1959 and 81:19 in 1973. The main branches of industry are nonferrous metallurgy (for example, a copper combine near Zlatitsa), the coal and chemical industries (concentrated in Kostinbrod and Kostenets), the forestry and textile industries (concentrated in Samokov and other cities), and the food-processing industry (concentrated in Svoge). Machine building is developing rapidly, including electrical engineering (especially in Botevgrad, Godech, and Slivnitsa). There is a cast iron plant in the city of Ikhtiman. Livestock raising accounts for more than one-half of the agricultural output, and meadows cover approximately one-fourth of the agricultural area. Sofia District has more cattle and produces more flax than any other district in Bulgaria. A tourist center, the district has several mountain health resorts, for example, in Borovets.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
At the Hemus Motorway on the territory of the Sofia District, the 19th, 36th, 37th and 51st km viaducts are under repair and the Sofia tube on the Vitinja tunnel as well.
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Penchev joined the judicial system as an intern judge in the Sofia District Court in 1977, rising through the ranks to become its deputy chairperson in 1991.
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First Deputy District Governor of Sofia District Tomi Nikolov resigned to Prime Minister Boyko Borisov due to media publications.
Today the prosecutor's office will give details of the detention of the mayor of the Sofia district Mladost, Desislava Ivancheva and her deputy Biliana Petrova.