de La Vaissiere's study Sogdian
Traders (2004, Eng.
in diasporic communities from Samarkand to Dunhuang kept in touch by writing personal letters.
It was commonly used for people of Persian, Sogdian
, and Turkish origin, Xianbi, Indians, Kushans and even, occasionally, for the Xiongnu (who, however, are usually clearly differentiated from the Hu).
Thus Shakhmatov not only praised the Uzbek history but also found fault with it on the grounds that by insisting on the Sogdians
as the original inhabitants of Uzbekistan, it implied that the Kazakhs were latecomers to the area.
It contained five letters from Sogdians
resident in Dunhuang addressed to their relatives and others in Samarkand.
It was from these translations and also from the Sanskrit originals that the first translators of Buddhism, the Parthians (An Shigao, An Xuan), Yuezhi (Zhi Loujiazhan, Zhi Qian), and Sogdians
(Kang Mengxiang, Kang Ju, Kang Senghui), started to spread the impressive Buddhist canon through the Empire of the Middle Kingdom.
(originating from areas now part of Uzbekistan and Tajikistan) saw this asterism as a scimitar, calling it Khamshish.
I wish he had said something about the contribution made to the development of Chinese Buddhism by Greeks, or at any by rate Hellenized Bactrians and Sogdians
, at the far eastern extremities of Alexander's empire.
Prominent among the foreigners in China in this period were Sogdians
, who were the most-successful traders on the Silk Road.
in China: Archaeological and Art Historical Analyses of Tombs and Texts from the 3rd to the 10th Century AD.
(41) According to Shavkunov, large trade settlements of Iranian-speaking Sogdians
and Toharistanians as well as several other Central-Asian ethnicities existed on Bohai territory that influenced the cultures of Bohai and the Jurchens.