Sokha


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sokha

 

the basic unit of taxation used for the assessment of the state land tax, called the pososhnoe, from the 13th to the 17th century in Rus’. Until the mid-16th century the sokha was determined on the basis of the size of the work force; from the 13th to the 15th century two or more peasant workers constituted one sokha. Certain household items, for instance, a tanning vat, seine, shop, or smithy, also counted as one sokha for taxation purposes.

In the late 15th century, the Novgorod sokha was equivalent to three obzhi (the average obiha was equal to 15 desiatiny [1 desiatina = 1.09 hectares]). The Moscow sokha equaled ten Novgorod sokhi and was a tax district of varying dimensions in different parts of the country; in each case, a Moscow sokha would be calculated as a specified number of villages, house holds, individuals, and fields of arable land. Beginning in the mid-16th century, all sokhas were replaced throughout the Mus covite state by the bol’shaia (great) sokha, comprised of a given number of chetverti of land (a land measure equivalent to one- half a desiatina). In the late 16th and 17th centuries, the bol’shaiasokha, consisting of a specific number of households, was the uni versal unit of taxation in the posad (merchants’ and artisans’ quarter). The pososhnoe was replaced by a household tax in 1679.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
National Military Police commander Sao Sokha ordered the destruction on Monday of 10 makeshift vehicles that were used in forestry crimes in Battambang province.
More than 150 parliamentarians from 23 countries sent an open letter yesterday to Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen, calling on him to "immediately and unconditionally" release opposition leader Kem Sokha from prison.
DPA Phnom Penh More than 150 parliamentarians from 23 countries sent an open letter Monday to Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen, calling on him to"immediately and unconditionally" release opposition leader Kem Sokha from prison.
Phnom Penh - Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen on Sunday called for the closure of one of the country's main human rights groups because it was founded by detained opposition leader Kem Sokha.
The delegation's statement was the strongest threat of action from representatives of any Western donors since the arrest of opposition leader Kem Sokha in September and steps by Prime Minister Hun Sen's government to dissolve his Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP).
Kem Sokha had been expected to lead his Cambodia National Rescue Party in next year's election in a strong challenge against the ruling Cambodian People's Party of Prime Minister Hun Sen, who has held power for three decades.
4 -- The Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA) condemns the arrest of Kem Sokha, President of Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), currently the main opposition party, and a Member of Parliament.
His deputy Khem Sokha told the crowd, "It is clear that all of us coming here today are ready and are devoted to stage protest because we know so well that our votes were stolen."
In a recording posted on a government website last month, the deputy head of the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP), Kem Sokha, purportedly said that Tuol Sleng prison in the capital Phnom Penh was staged by Vietnamese soldiers who ousted the Khmer Rouge in 1979.
FA chief Sao Sokha is fed up taking tankings and reckons the reason they always lose is because the players are too small.
His wife, Sokha, aged 26, died in March when a hand grenade was thrown during a fight and shrapnel from the explosion went through the steel shutters of the cafe and pierced her heart.