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Sokoto(sōkō`tō, sō`kətō), city (1987 est. pop. 164,000), NW Nigeria, on the Sokoto River. It is the commercial center for a wide region and a collection place for hides, skins, and peanuts. Rice and tobacco are grown for local consumption. The city has cement, pottery, and leather tanning and dyeing industries. Sokoto was founded in 1809 by Usuman dan FodioUsuman dan Fodio
1754–1817. Fulani religious and political leader. Beginning as an itinerant Muslim missionary in northern Nigeria, he gained a large following for his syncretic visions, establishing a base in Gudu.
..... Click the link for more information. , the FulaniFulani
, people of W Africa, numbering approximately 14 million. They are of mixed sub-Saharan African and Berber origin. First recorded as living in the Senegambia region, they are now scattered throughout the area of the Sudan from Senegal to Cameroon.
..... Click the link for more information. leader who established a large Muslim empire including most of N Nigeria. It became the capital of the empire and was built up in the 1820s by Muhammad Bello, dan Fodio's son. In 1903, Sokoto fell to British forces under Frederick LugardLugard, Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron
, 1858–1945, British colonial administrator. After an early military career, he entered (1889) the service of the British East Africa Company and was sent (1890) to
..... Click the link for more information. . The tomb of dan Fodio and other shrines in the city have made it a place of pilgrimage for Muslims.
a state in the western Sudan in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Sokoto was formed as a result of a successful uprising by the Fulbe (also known as Fulani), led by Usman dan Fodio, against Gobir, one of the Hausa states. In 1809 two sultanates, Sokoto and Gwandu, were created in the conquered territory, and Usman placed his relatives at their head. In 1831 the Gwandu sultanate became a vassal of the sultan of Sokoto. Sokoto was a feudal state with vestiges of the slaveholding and primitive-communal systems. Great Britain seized Sokoto in 1903 and in 1914 incorporated it into the British colony of Nigeria.
REFERENCESOl’derogge, D. Zapadnyi Sudan v XV-nach. XX vekov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.
Sledzevskii, I. V. Khausanskie emiraty Severnoi Nigerii. Moscow, 1974.
Hogben, S. J., and A. H. M. Kirk-Greene. The Emirates of Northern Nigeria. London, 1966.
Johnston, H. A. S. The Fulani Empire of Sokoto. London, 1967. (Bibliography, pages 291–95.)
a city in Nigeria, situated in the valley of the Sokoto River (a tributary of the Niger); since 1976, capital of the state of Sokoto. Population, 104,200 (1969). Sokoto has a cement plant and a slaughterhouse. Textile weaving and leather dressing are local cottage industries. Sokoto is the trade center for an agricultural region where peanuts, rice, and sugarcane are grown. In the 19th century, the city was the capital of the independent state of Sokoto.