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a state in the western Sudan in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Sokoto was formed as a result of a successful uprising by the Fulbe (also known as Fulani), led by Usman dan Fodio, against Gobir, one of the Hausa states. In 1809 two sultanates, Sokoto and Gwandu, were created in the conquered territory, and Usman placed his relatives at their head. In 1831 the Gwandu sultanate became a vassal of the sultan of Sokoto. Sokoto was a feudal state with vestiges of the slaveholding and primitive-communal systems. Great Britain seized Sokoto in 1903 and in 1914 incorporated it into the British colony of Nigeria.
REFERENCESOl’derogge, D. Zapadnyi Sudan v XV-nach. XX vekov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.
Sledzevskii, I. V. Khausanskie emiraty Severnoi Nigerii. Moscow, 1974.
Hogben, S. J., and A. H. M. Kirk-Greene. The Emirates of Northern Nigeria. London, 1966.
Johnston, H. A. S. The Fulani Empire of Sokoto. London, 1967. (Bibliography, pages 291–95.)
a city in Nigeria, situated in the valley of the Sokoto River (a tributary of the Niger); since 1976, capital of the state of Sokoto. Population, 104,200 (1969). Sokoto has a cement plant and a slaughterhouse. Textile weaving and leather dressing are local cottage industries. Sokoto is the trade center for an agricultural region where peanuts, rice, and sugarcane are grown. In the 19th century, the city was the capital of the independent state of Sokoto.