Sokoto


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Sokoto

(sōkō`tō, sō`kətō), city (1987 est. pop. 164,000), NW Nigeria, on the Sokoto River. It is the commercial center for a wide region and a collection place for hides, skins, and peanuts. Rice and tobacco are grown for local consumption. The city has cement, pottery, and leather tanning and dyeing industries. Sokoto was founded in 1809 by Usuman dan FodioUsuman dan Fodio
1754–1817. Fulani religious and political leader. Beginning as an itinerant Muslim missionary in northern Nigeria, he gained a large following for his syncretic visions, establishing a base in Gudu.
..... Click the link for more information.
, the FulaniFulani
, people of W Africa, numbering approximately 14 million. They are of mixed sub-Saharan African and Berber origin. First recorded as living in the Senegambia region, they are now scattered throughout the area of the Sudan from Senegal to Cameroon.
..... Click the link for more information.
 leader who established a large Muslim empire including most of N Nigeria. It became the capital of the empire and was built up in the 1820s by Muhammad Bello, dan Fodio's son. In 1903, Sokoto fell to British forces under Frederick LugardLugard, Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron
, 1858–1945, British colonial administrator. After an early military career, he entered (1889) the service of the British East Africa Company and was sent (1890) to
..... Click the link for more information.
. The tomb of dan Fodio and other shrines in the city have made it a place of pilgrimage for Muslims.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sokoto

 

a state in the western Sudan in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Sokoto was formed as a result of a successful uprising by the Fulbe (also known as Fulani), led by Usman dan Fodio, against Gobir, one of the Hausa states. In 1809 two sultanates, Sokoto and Gwandu, were created in the conquered territory, and Usman placed his relatives at their head. In 1831 the Gwandu sultanate became a vassal of the sultan of Sokoto. Sokoto was a feudal state with vestiges of the slaveholding and primitive-communal systems. Great Britain seized Sokoto in 1903 and in 1914 incorporated it into the British colony of Nigeria.

REFERENCES

Ol’derogge, D. Zapadnyi Sudan v XV-nach. XX vekov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.
Sledzevskii, I. V. Khausanskie emiraty Severnoi Nigerii. Moscow, 1974.
Hogben, S. J., and A. H. M. Kirk-Greene. The Emirates of Northern Nigeria. London, 1966.
Johnston, H. A. S. The Fulani Empire of Sokoto. London, 1967. (Bibliography, pages 291–95.)

Sokoto

 

a city in Nigeria, situated in the valley of the Sokoto River (a tributary of the Niger); since 1976, capital of the state of Sokoto. Population, 104,200 (1969). Sokoto has a cement plant and a slaughterhouse. Textile weaving and leather dressing are local cottage industries. Sokoto is the trade center for an agricultural region where peanuts, rice, and sugarcane are grown. In the 19th century, the city was the capital of the independent state of Sokoto.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Sokoto

1. a state of NW Nigeria. Capital: Sokoto. Pop.: 4 911 118 (1995 est.). Area: 65 735 sq. km (25 380 sq. miles)
2. a town in NW Nigeria, capital of Sokoto state: capital of the Fulah Empire in the 19th century; Muslim place of pilgrimage. Pop.: 444 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The string of attacks the latest violence by criminal gangs raiding villages and stealing livestock were carried out overnight Saturday to Sunday in Nigeria's far Northwestern Sokoto state, police said on Monday, presstv reported.
The latter - in Sokoto - benefits from one of the highest irradiation levels (2210 kWh/m2/year) in the country.
The Wali (governor) of Sennar State, Engineer Ahmed Abbas Mohamed, has signed the agreement for his state, while the Governor of Sokoto State, Al-Haj Aliyu Magatakarda Wamako, signed for his state, in the presence of the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Sennar State, members of the state's Council of Ministers and the members of the Nigerian visiting delegation.
Al-Turki heads the MWL delegation to the "Islam and Bases of Peaceful Coexistence" conference to be held by MWL in collaboration with the Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs and the Nigerian Government of Sokoto on Friday and Saturday.
Sokoto is also only 300 miles from "Azawad," the separatist region of northern Mali that is now under the control of al-Qavida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), Ansar Eddine and the Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO).
Presidential spokesman Reuben Abati told The Associated Press on Friday that members of the nation's secret police arrested Sokoto in Taraba state, which borders Cameroon.
But in her gendered historical approach, Bivins demonstrates that women's voices and contributions to the changing historical landscape in the Sokoto Caliphate were "undeniably present" (130).
The State Commissioner for Animal Health and Fisheries Development, Prof Abdulkadir Junaidu, disclosed this in a chat with newsmen in Sokoto.
Mustapha and Kyari represented President Muhammadu Buhari, at the occasion held at Sultan Bello Mosque, Sokoto. Among the prominent personalities that attended the wedding were popular business moguls, Alhaji Aliko Dangote and Alhaji Dahiru Mangal.
The ceremonies were being held despite a ban by Sokoto state on the group's activities.
The Sokoto state government has warned people to desist from illegal fumigation within the state.