The vast area covered by the Middle Belt does not in any way share views with the peoples of Sokoto Caliphate
, Kano and Kastina.
The Northern Region, in fact, has deep Islamic roots dating back to the Sokoto Caliphate
, which governed the area from 1804-1903.
Religion and the Making of Nigeria demonstrates how the enduring structures of the Sokoto caliphate
, indirect rule, and mission Christianity combined to shape the development of ethno-national identities, the formation of political alliances, and governance in postcolonial Nigeria.
The daughter of the Nigerian Sokoto Caliphate
founder Usman dan Fodio, she devoted her life to educating women both rich and poor, Muslim and non-Muslim.
The Fulani Jihad and the Creation of the Sokoto Caliphate
It can be argued that the Muslim uprising at Ilorin in 1817 marked a dramatic change that was tied to external factors, namely the jihad that consolidated the Sokoto Caliphate
While Izala has a rationalizing and egalitarian tenor (so is, to that extent, 'modernist'), it also stands firmly in a tradition of Islamic reform going back locally to Usman dan Fodio, whose jihad in the early nineteenth century established the Sokoto Caliphate
and, through it, the prevailing Islamic order in Northern Nigeria.
In the 19th century, a Sokoto caliphate
was proclaimed across most of modern-day northern Nigeria and was considered separate from other Muslim kingdoms, such as the Ottoman Empire.
Ever since Britain took control of the Sokoto caliphate
that had ruled swathes of this region in 1903 there have been objections to western schooling.
The creation of the Fulani empire and Sokoto caliphate
by the missionary turned revolutionary warrior was regarded as a paradigm event though, in time, Dan Fodio himself led the charge in repudiating the jihad, denouncing those committing crimes and "undertaking raids to seize women as slaves."
The first Sultan was Usman dan Fodio, the founder of the Sokoto Caliphate
and Fulani Empire.
Dan Fodio was the founder of the Sokoto Caliphate
in 1809 in what is now northern Nigeria and is also considered a source of inspiration for Boko Haram.