The daughter of the Nigerian Sokoto Caliphate
founder Usman dan Fodio, she devoted her life to educating women both rich and poor, Muslim and non-Muslim.
Besides, as obviously achieved from the onset and consistently executed till today in Nigeria, as a functional and true (non-nation) Sokoto caliphate
or sultanate, ALL its 'acceptable and accepted' rulers have had to come or get approved from there, except for a few obvious 'mistakes' or deceptions thereof.
The group also started promoting its aspiration of reviving an Islamic state in the borders where the Sokoto Caliphate
existed (including parts of Cameroon, Chad, Niger and northern Nigeria).
It can be argued that the Muslim uprising at Ilorin in 1817 marked a dramatic change that was tied to external factors, namely the jihad that consolidated the Sokoto Caliphate
While Izala has a rationalizing and egalitarian tenor (so is, to that extent, 'modernist'), it also stands firmly in a tradition of Islamic reform going back locally to Usman dan Fodio, whose jihad in the early nineteenth century established the Sokoto Caliphate
and, through it, the prevailing Islamic order in Northern Nigeria.
In the 19th century, a Sokoto caliphate
was proclaimed across most of modern-day northern Nigeria and was considered separate from other Muslim kingdoms, such as the Ottoman Empire.
Ever since Britain took control of the Sokoto caliphate
that had ruled swathes of this region in 1903 there have been objections to western schooling.
The creation of the Fulani empire and Sokoto caliphate
by the missionary turned revolutionary warrior was regarded as a paradigm event though, in time, Dan Fodio himself led the charge in repudiating the jihad, denouncing those committing crimes and "undertaking raids to seize women as slaves.
41) Ansaru claims it fights to restore the "lost dignity" of the Sokoto Caliphate
, which was founded in 1804 by the Fulani shaykh Usman dan Fodio in northern Cameroon, northern Nigeria, and southern Niger, and lasted until the United Kingdom and France colonized the region and introduced Western education and Christianity in the 19th century.
Though its origins are murky, this polity dominated the region from the time of its Islamisation in the 11th century until its eventual decline in the late 18th century, when it was finally felled with Usman Dan Fodio's successful jihad and the establishment of the Sokoto Caliphate
Dan Fodio was the founder of the Sokoto Caliphate
in 1809 in what is now northern Nigeria and is also considered a source of inspiration for Boko Haram.
Continuity and Change in the Literary Tradition of the Sokoto Caliphate