Sokoto Caliphate


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Sokoto Caliphate:

see Usuman dan FodioUsuman dan Fodio
1754–1817. Fulani religious and political leader. Beginning as an itinerant Muslim missionary in northern Nigeria, he gained a large following for his syncretic visions, establishing a base in Gudu.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The daughter of the Nigerian Sokoto Caliphate founder Usman dan Fodio, she devoted her life to educating women both rich and poor, Muslim and non-Muslim.
Besides, as obviously achieved from the onset and consistently executed till today in Nigeria, as a functional and true (non-nation) Sokoto caliphate or sultanate, ALL its 'acceptable and accepted' rulers have had to come or get approved from there, except for a few obvious 'mistakes' or deceptions thereof.
The group also started promoting its aspiration of reviving an Islamic state in the borders where the Sokoto Caliphate existed (including parts of Cameroon, Chad, Niger and northern Nigeria).
It can be argued that the Muslim uprising at Ilorin in 1817 marked a dramatic change that was tied to external factors, namely the jihad that consolidated the Sokoto Caliphate after 1804.
While Izala has a rationalizing and egalitarian tenor (so is, to that extent, 'modernist'), it also stands firmly in a tradition of Islamic reform going back locally to Usman dan Fodio, whose jihad in the early nineteenth century established the Sokoto Caliphate and, through it, the prevailing Islamic order in Northern Nigeria.
Sokoto caliphate In the 19th century, a Sokoto caliphate was proclaimed across most of modern-day northern Nigeria and was considered separate from other Muslim kingdoms, such as the Ottoman Empire.
The creation of the Fulani empire and Sokoto caliphate by the missionary turned revolutionary warrior was regarded as a paradigm event though, in time, Dan Fodio himself led the charge in repudiating the jihad, denouncing those committing crimes and "undertaking raids to seize women as slaves.
41) Ansaru claims it fights to restore the "lost dignity" of the Sokoto Caliphate, which was founded in 1804 by the Fulani shaykh Usman dan Fodio in northern Cameroon, northern Nigeria, and southern Niger, and lasted until the United Kingdom and France colonized the region and introduced Western education and Christianity in the 19th century.
Though its origins are murky, this polity dominated the region from the time of its Islamisation in the 11th century until its eventual decline in the late 18th century, when it was finally felled with Usman Dan Fodio's successful jihad and the establishment of the Sokoto Caliphate in 1809.
Dan Fodio was the founder of the Sokoto Caliphate in 1809 in what is now northern Nigeria and is also considered a source of inspiration for Boko Haram.