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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city and the administrative center of Sol’-Iletsk Raion, Orenburg Oblast, RSFSR. Located on the right bank of the Ilek River (a tributary of the Ural), 77 km south of Orenburg. Junction (Iletsk) for railroad lines to Orenburg, Aktiubinsk, and Ural’sk. Population, 22,000 (1975).

Sol’-Iletsk was established in the 17th century as a cossack settlement. In the mid-18th century, after the construction of a fortification, the settlement became known as Iletskaia Zashchi-ta. The city’s name was changed to Iletsk in the 19th century and Sol’-Iletsk in 1945. Rock salt is mined in Sol’-Iletsk. The city has a grain elevator, a brickyard, and the Sol’-Iletskkormash Machine-building Plant.

Sol’-Iletsk is a balneologic and pelotherapeutic health resort. Summers are very warm, with an average July temperature of 22°C, and winters are cold, with an average January temperature of - 16°C. Annual precipitation totals 320 mm. Therapeutic remedies include mineral water from Lakes Novoe and Razval and silt mud from Lakes Tuzluchnoe and Dunino. Those with diseases of the musculoskeletal organs and the peripheral nervous system and gynecologic disorders are treated. Sol’Iletsk has a sanatorium and a mud-treatment facility.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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