Solanaceae


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Solanaceae

[‚sō·lə′nās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Polemoniales having internal phloem, mostly numerous ovules and seeds on axile placentae, and mostly cellular endosperm.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Solanaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants, including herbs and a few shrubs, lianas, and small trees (in the tropics). The leaves are alternate and exstipulate, and the bisexual flowers are solitary or in cymose inflorescences. The calyx generally is five-lobed or five-parted, and the corolla has five lobes. There usually are five stamens. The fruit is a berry or capsule; less commonly, it is drupaceous.

There are between 80 and 90 genera, with about 2,500 species, distributed in tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions. Most are encountered mainly in Central and South America. The USSR has ten wild genera, embracing approximately 45 species. The most important genera are Solarium, Lycopersicum, Nicotiana, Mandragora, and Lycium. The family Solanaceae includes such important cultivated plants as potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, tobacco, and wild tobacco. (All these plants are native to the Americas.) Many species, including belladonna, Scopelia, henbane, and jimsonweed, yield alkaloids and other substances that are widely used in medicine. Ornamentals include petunia, tobacco, salpiglossis, certain nightshades, and physalis.

REFERENCE

Flora SSSR, vol. 22. Moscow-Leningrad, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
En la dieta de los murcielagos que consumen frutos o polen, las familias que presentaron un mayor porcentaje de ocurrencia fueron: Solanaceae (29%), Piperaceae (21%), Cecropiaceae (8%), Moraceae (8%) y Fabaceae (7%) (Fig.
Chromosomal evolution in the plant family Solanaceae. BMC Genomics, 11: 182
quishuar Solanaceae Cestrum auriculatum Hierba santa 30 L'Her.
Solanaceae is a large Family with around 3000-4000 species in 90 different genera, found in most temperate and tropical regions of Pakistan.
Chili pepper is one of the vegetables in the nightshade (Solanaceae) family, which also includes eggplant, tomatoes, bell peppers and white potatoes.
Over 3000 species belong to the family Solanaceae, which is the third most important plant Family, It comprises a number of economically important crops, such as tomato, potato, pepper and eggplant which are contain high nutritive value, including quality proteins, mineral salts, starch and vitamins [24,38], Solanum melongena L.
Resumen: Physalis peruviana (Solanaceae) es una planta de gran valor nutricional y economico que es de reciente incorporacion al cultivo de pequenas frutas en Brasil.
It is ironic that despite the size of the family (Hunziker, 2001; Martins and Barkman, 2005; Olmstead et al., 1999; Olmstead et al., 2008; Teteny, 1987), the fossil record of Solanaceae is very sparse perhaps due to undersampling of the fossil record in the Neotropics where the greatest diversity is found today, and to the inherent preservational bias against herbaceous, non-deciduous plants.