Solanaceae


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Solanaceae

[‚sō·lə′nās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Polemoniales having internal phloem, mostly numerous ovules and seeds on axile placentae, and mostly cellular endosperm.

Solanaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants, including herbs and a few shrubs, lianas, and small trees (in the tropics). The leaves are alternate and exstipulate, and the bisexual flowers are solitary or in cymose inflorescences. The calyx generally is five-lobed or five-parted, and the corolla has five lobes. There usually are five stamens. The fruit is a berry or capsule; less commonly, it is drupaceous.

There are between 80 and 90 genera, with about 2,500 species, distributed in tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions. Most are encountered mainly in Central and South America. The USSR has ten wild genera, embracing approximately 45 species. The most important genera are Solarium, Lycopersicum, Nicotiana, Mandragora, and Lycium. The family Solanaceae includes such important cultivated plants as potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, tobacco, and wild tobacco. (All these plants are native to the Americas.) Many species, including belladonna, Scopelia, henbane, and jimsonweed, yield alkaloids and other substances that are widely used in medicine. Ornamentals include petunia, tobacco, salpiglossis, certain nightshades, and physalis.

REFERENCE

Flora SSSR, vol. 22. Moscow-Leningrad, 1955.
References in periodicals archive ?
Solanaceae is a large Family with around 3000-4000 species in 90 different genera, found in most temperate and tropical regions of Pakistan.
nigropilosa was associated with a relatively small pollen sources including mainly the plant families Melastomataceae and Solanaceae with buzz-pollination syndrome, a pollen reward pollination mechanism presenting anthers with a pore that deliver pollen after the buzz of the bee collecting the pollen (Michener 1974).
Based on the revision of the fossil record of the Asteridae by Martinez-Millan (2010), eleven fossil taxa plausibly assigned to Solanaceae have been identified (Table 1).
Banano Citrus sinensis Naranja Citrus aurantifolia Limon Lactuca sativa Lechuga Yucca guatemalensis Yuca pie de elefante Urera caracasana Chichicaste Portulaca oleracea Verdolaga Nombre cientifico Familia Uso como (*): c F M T Daucus carota Apiaceae X Coriandrum sativum Apiaceae X Solarium tuberosum Solanaceae X Solarium lycopersicum Solanaceae Capsicum annuum Solanaceae Allium cepa Amarylhdaceae X Brassica oleracea var.
Generos Especies Fabaceae 12 Araceae 17 Rubiaceae 10 Fabaceae 16 Orchidaceae 10 Melastomataceae 12 Araceae 7 Rubiaceae 12 Melastomataceae 6 Orchidaceae 11 Polypodiaceae 6 Piperaceae 9 Asteraceae 5 Solanaceae 8 Solanaceae 5 Polypodiaceae 7 Gesneriaceae 3 Asteraceae 6 Tabla 4.
En las plantas (Reino Plantae), el genero Solanum es uno de los mas diversos de la familia Solanaceae, con aproximadamente 1.
lilium is one of the most abundant species in tropical areas and an effective disperser of Solanaceae seeds in highlands.
In addition to broad-based information about these topics, several chapters specifically address research into the Solanaceae (tomato & potato), Rosaceae (strawberry & peach), grape, and conifer families.
Nicotine from edible Solanaceae and the risk of Parkinson disease.