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Related to Solanum: Solanum nigrum
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of plants of the family Solanaceae. The plants are perennial and, less frequently, annual herbs, sub-shrubs, or shrubs with erect, climbing, or creeping stems. Some species are trees. The alternate or paired leaves are entire, lobed, or pinnate. The bisexual and usually regular pentamerous flowers are solitary or in inflorescences. The fruit is a two-celled berry with numerous seeds.

There are approximately 1,700 species of Solanum, distributed in tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions. Most are found mainly in South America. The genus includes such important cultivated plants as the potato, the eggplant, and, according to some classifications, the tomato. The USSR has about 20 wild species. These include the bittersweet (S. dulcamara,) a climbing subshrub usually having lilac flowers and bright red berries. The plant is found throughout the European USSR and in the southern part of Western Siberia. It grows in moist thickets, forests, and ravines, as well as along shores. S. nigrum, an annual with white flowers and black or, occasionally, green berries, grows wild in gardens and near dwellings. Both the bittersweet and S. nigrum contain the poisonous alkaloid solanine, which is toxic to all agricultural animals. S. laciniatum, which is native to Australia, contains glycoalkaloids (solasonine) that are used to obtain the steroid hormones progesterone and cortisone used in medicine. It is cultuvated in Moldavia, Krasnodar Krai, the Crimea, and Kazakhstan as an annual plant. Many species, such as S. atropurpureum and S. marginatum, are grown as ornamental garden plants; others, including S. capsicastrum, are raised as greenhouse ornamentals.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Eggplant (Solanum melongena L) have medicinal uses which range from weight loss to treatment of several ailments including asthma, skin infections, constipation, diabetes, leprosy, gonorrhea, cholera, bronchitis, dysuria, dysentery, asthenia and hemorrhoids (Nwodo et al., 2011).
Uma associacao significante entre a mosca minadora Liriomyza huidobrensis e o fungo Alternaria solani e reportado aqui pela primeira vez em campo de batata comercial (Solanum tuberosum) no Brasil.
(2002) reported that the quality of fruit, in terms of diameter and weight, was high in the fields under IPM package "Eggplant grafted on Solanum torvum as rootstock+collection and destruction of infested fruit and shoots".
12.5 [+ or -] 0.18 Haemopillus somnus 12.3 [+ or -] 0.31 Haemopillus parsuis 12.8 [+ or -] 0.15 Clostridium perfringens - Pantoea agglomerans - Solanum Escherichia coli - melongena L.
Sin embargo, en Solanum goniocalix y Solanum stenotomum, Espinoza (2017) y Murata (2017) reportaron resultados opuestos, es decir un mayor numero de DEGs en la variedad susceptible.
The whole plant of Solanum surattense was collected from Akhtar Abad, an allied area of Bahawalpur city near Civil Hospital, Bahawalpur, Pakistan in July 2010 and was identified by Dr Muhammad Arshad (Late), Ex-plant Taxonomist at Cholistan Institute for Desert Studies (CIDS), The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan, where a voucher specimen No.
Solanum retroflexum leaves were collected from the Venda region, Limpopo province, South Africa, between September and October 2015.
Hence, there is a need of in-vitro mass propagation of Salvadora persica and Solanum surattense to produce good quality disease or infection free plants.
Solanum melissarum studied individuals were self-incompatible, and natural pollinators (control) were less effective than hand-pollination (Table 1), since there were significant differences in fruit set between cross-pollination and pollination of open flowers by floral visitors.
"Starch granules of Solanum jamesii extracted from ground stone tools establish wild potato use as early as 10,900610,100 calendar years B.P.