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(The Soldier), a daily newspaper; the organ of the Military Organization of the Central Committee of the RSDLP(B), published in Petrograd from Aug. 13 (26) to Oct. 26 (Nov. 8), 1917. Soldat was the successor of the newspapers Soldatskaia pravda (Soldier’s Truth) and Rabochii i soldat (Worker and Soldier), which had been closed by the bourgeois Provisional Government. Soldat published 61 issues, and its circulation reached 15,000–18,000. The editorial board included A. S. Bubnov, A. F. Il’in-Zhenevskii, V. I. Nevskii, V. R. Menzhinskii, and N. I. Podvoiskii.
Soldat printed the manifesto of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party “To All Working People, to All the Workers, Soldiers, and Peasants of Russia,” which appeared in accordance with a decision of the Sixth Congress of the RSDLP(B). It also published several of V. I. Lenin’s articles and speeches, including “The Crisis Has Matured,” his speech at the extraordinary session of the Petrograd Soviet of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies on Oct. 25, 1917, and the appeal of the Military Revolutionary Committee “To the Citizens of Russia!” written by Lenin. On Oct. 27 (Nov. 9), 1917, the newspaper assumed its former name, Soldatskaia pravda.