Soldering Flux


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soldering flux

[′säd·ə·riŋ ‚fləks]
(metallurgy)
A chemical substance which aids the flow of solder and serves to remove and prevent the formation of oxides on the pieces to be united.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Soldering Flux

 

a nonmetallic substance used to remove oxide film from solder and the surface of the material being soldered; this prevents the formation of oxide during soldering and also reduces the surface tension of the solder. Fluxes may be powders, pastes, or water, alcohol, or glycerine solutions. Their effect appears only within a certain temperature range. Some fluxes can be used successfully in soldering a variety of materials, whereas others have highly specialized purposes. The most universal fluxes for the high-temperature soldering of steels and copper alloys are those based on Na2B4O7 and H3BO3; for low-temperature soldering, the most universal flux is based on ZnCl2. A flux that is widely used in soldering aluminum alloys contains 8 percent ZnCl2, 10 percent NaF, 32 percent LiCl, and 50 percent KC1.

REFERENCE

Petrunin, I. E. Fiziko-khmicheskie protsessy pri paike. Moscow, 1972.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

flux

1. A fusible substance used in oxygen cutting, welding, brazing, or soldering operations; assists in the fusion of metals and the prevention of surface oxidation.
2. A bituminous material, generally liquid, used for softening other bituminous materials.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Revisions are underway on J-STD-004, Requirements for Soldering Fluxes. IPC-HDBK-005, Guide to Solder Paste Assessment, supports J-STD-005, Requirements for Soldering Pastes, and incorporates details of lead-free materials.
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"The Effect of FR-4 Laminate Materials on the Surface Insulation Resistance of Wave Soldering Fluxes" Authors: Karen Tellefsen, Anna Lifton, Mike Previti and Mike Murphy; karen.tellefsen@alphaassembly.com.
In auditing rework stations, we've found all sorts of unapproved soldering fluxes, including tubes of wire from electronics hobby stores (once with zinc alloy solder!), plumbing flux, and even stained glass flux.
Yes, there are halogens in soldering fluxes, and in the past year we've seen suppliers launch halogen-free products.
Most wave soldering fluxes are designed to maintain activity and reliability across a wide process window, from fast and cool profiles to slow and hot ones.
(Halides make great flux activators because they are keen at reducing metal oxides, and our industry has long-established methods of identifying and communicating their presence in soldering fluxes.) Here, I'm referring to those compounds often used as flame-retardants in all types of electronics components, most notably printed circuit boards, molding compounds and connectors.