Solenostomidae

Solenostomidae

 

a family of marine fishes of the order Solenichthyes. The short body, which measures up to 11 cm in length, is laterally compressed and covered with bony plates. The snout is tube-shaped. There are two dorsal fins. The Solenostomidae include five species, distributed in warm seas of the Indian and western Pacific oceans. They live among growths of algae near the shore. The female carries the eggs in a brood pouch, which is formed by the concrescence of the ventral fins with the skin of the belly.

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Though Solenostomidae - the sister-group of Syngnathidae - share many characters and a common evolutionary history with them, the new movement of seahorse tail can be considered a real apomorphy into this family (Hale, 1993).
Solenostomidae, considered the sister-group of Syngnathidae, share many characters with them as a consequence of their common evolutionary history but they lack of the ventral tail bending skill.