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in English law, person duly admitted to practice before the supreme court of judicature. He is the agent of the person whose suit he handles, and is distinguished from a barrister, who argues cases before the judge (see attorneyattorney,
agent put in place of another to manage particular affairs of the principal. An attorney in fact is an agent who conducts business under authority that is controlled and limited by a written document called a letter, or power, of attorney granted by the principal.
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). The solicitor serves as an intermediary agent between the barrister and his client, negotiating fees and preparing the case for trial. Solicitors may take the place of barristers in the lower courts, and in the 1990s gained new rights of audience in higher courts. They are officers of the court; they have a monopoly of certain legal business and are subject to court regulation. The training required of a solicitor, set by the Law Society (earlier called the Incorporated Law Society), includes several years of clerkship under a practicing solicitor and attendance at a law school.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in Great Britain, a lawyer who specializes in magistrates’ court cases at the county and the metropolitan county levels and prepares cases for barristers, who are higher ranking lawyers. Solicitors also serve as legal counsels in industrial enterprises, institutions, organizations, and joint-stock companies.

Solicitors have existed since the 13th century and have been members of the Law Society since 1825. Their legal status is defined by the Solicitors’ Act of 1941. Before a person can become a solicitor, he must work under a solicitor for a period of five years, which is reduced to three years if the candidate has a university degree. The candidate is admitted a solicitor by the lord high chancellor of appeal.

The existence of two categories of lawyers in Great Britain attests to the conservatism of the British legal system and the social and professional differentiation within the legal profession. It also constitutes an attempt to maintain the privileges enjoyed by barristers and the high cost of legal procedures.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. (in Britain) a lawyer who advises clients on matters of law, draws up legal documents, prepares cases for barristers, etc., and who may represent clients in certain courts
2. (in the US) an officer responsible for the legal affairs of a town, city, etc.
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Megan Thomas has been a Solicitor at Robyns Owen since 1999 and has considerable experience in residential and commercial property work, Lasting Powers of Attorney, Court of Protection applications, wills and administration of estates.
Solicitors are required to work according to a set of rules issued by the Solicitors Regulation Authority.
"The West Wales Law Society is an important voice for the legal profession in the area and JCP Solicitors is an enthusiastic member and supporter.
The former Justice undersecretary said he recently met with incumbent Solicitor General Florin Hilbay, who briefed him and incoming foreign affairs secretary Jun Yasay on the case.
John Ballam joins FPH Law as a Consultant, and brings with him Assistant Solicitor, Sarah Fergusson, and experienced Police Station Accredited Clerk, Mike Adamson.
The company has promoted corporate finance solicitor Steve Halkett, property dispute solicitor Dawn Reynolds and commercial property solicitor Barry Sankey to partners, taking the firm's total number of partners to 38.
"Time constraints, administrative errors and regulatory compliance issues are turning up the pressure on solicitors, and could see the overall number of claims rise even higher in coming years.
Finally, and perhaps most importantly, both investment advisors and solicitors need to consult state laws applicable to where they are conducting business.
The finalists include Sam Harris from Weightmans LLP, Joshua Hartle from SGH Martineau LLP, Tobias Oliver Haynes from Regulatory Legal Solicitors, Rose Klemperer from Anthony Collins Solicitors LLP, and Michael Nutman from Shoosmiths LLP.
Children's Charity FundaDonations: $14.3 million/ Solicitor Profits: $10.5 million
First, solicitors are not subject to registration if advisors comply with Rule 206(4)-3, or the referral fee rule, under the Advisers Act.