Suleiman I

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Suleiman I

, Soliman, Solyman
called the Magnificent. ?1495--1566, sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1520--66), whose reign was noted for its military power and cultural achievements

Suleiman I

 

(or Sulciman II Kanuni, “the Lawgiver,” or, in European literature, Suleiman the Magnificent). Born Apr. 27, 1495; died Sept. 6, 1566, in Szigetvár, Hungary. Turkish sultan (1520–66).

Suleiman carried out an expansionist policy: under him the Ottoman Empire achieved its farthest territorial extent and its greatest power. Belgrade was taken in 1521, and most of Hungary was annexed after the battle of Mohács in 1526; in the 1530’s, Iraq, the island of Rhodes and other islands in the Aegean Archipelago, Tripoli, Algeria, and other territories were conquered. Suleiman waged a persistent struggle against Iran in Transcaucasia.

Suleiman drew up a law code (Kanun-name), dealing with such matters as administrative structure and finance, the status of individual provinces, regulation of the military-feudal system, forms of landownership, obligations of the population, and attachment of peasants to the land. He devoted a great deal of attention to the construction of mosques, palaces, and fortresses. The buildings of the architect Sinan are particularly famous.

Suleiman died during a campaign in Hungary.

REFERENCES

Novichev, A. D. Istoriia Turtsii, vol. 1. Leningrad, 1963.
Tsvetkova, B. Prouchvaniia na gradskoto stopanstvo prez XV-XVI vek. Sofia, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
The long reign of Soliman I the Magnificent, was the Ottoman golden age and was a pragmatic statesman as well as a respectable general.
In 1536, diplomats of Sultan Soliman I concluded a treaty with Francis I of France, the Habsburgs' European rival, a treaty that granted the French commercial concessions in the Ottoman Empire in return for an informal alliance against their common enemy.
The historical Sultan Soliman I (1520-1566) remained the most popular character among all sultans in both the sixteenth and the seventeenth century.
Soliman is very arrogant as he holds life and death in his hand.
The image of the character of Sultan Soliman is echoed again, briefly with reference to Rhodes, for entertainment by Balthazar in Kyd's The Spanish Tragedy.
Soliman is happy and depicts the scene in saying: "Rhodes is taken, and all the men are slain,/Except some few that turn to Mahomet" (IV.
Soliman and Perseda represent a symbolic threat to each other, but Soliman is not an imminent threat to England, just like Perseda is not to Turkey.
Erastus says: "I must confess that Soliman is kind" (IV.
The Supreme Court's decision in Soliman is the final word on the meaning of "principal place of business" unless Congress amends the statute.
Soliman is further accused of relieving Rasekh from paying LE 13.
Soliman is a fine player and we believe he could very good addition to our squad.
Soliman is widely expected to form a striking partnership with Saudi ace Malek Moeaz.