Solitary Bees

Solitary Bees

 

representatives of the superfamily of bees that lead a nonsocial manner of life. There are some 2,000 species, found throughout the world.

In all species, the female cares for the young. The bees build their nests in the earth, in wood, or in hollow stalks or from clay, pieces of leaves, and so forth. The female fills every cell of the nest with a mixture of pollen and nectar and then lays an egg in the cell and seals it. Parasitic solitary bees lay their eggs in the cells of other species that have already been filled. All species are beneficial as plant pollinators.

References in periodicals archive ?
This will offer solitary bees and other insects the perfect place to nest.
Bee hotels are a magnet for solitary bees, providing a place for leafcutters and mason bees to raise their young.
The phenological synchrony of the two events, hatching, and flowering, is crucial in the life of both plant and bee: "For solitary bees, it is all about the correct timing of hatching in spring when the growing season starts since already a short period of time without flowering plants that provide food can have negative consequences for the bees' survival and the number of offspring," explained Andrea Holzschuh, one of the researchers of the study published in the journal of PLOS ONE.
For instance no male bees can sting and the vast majority of solitary bees can't either.
Solitary bees like mason bees use mud for constructing their nests while mining bees make theirs in lawn or semi-bare ground - so a green patch of soil can go a long way to keeping them safe over winter.
There are around 25 different species of bumblebee and the rest are solitary bees - that don't make hives or nests or even honey."
It says adding a pond, water feature or bird bath to a garden will give bees a hydrating boost in the warm summer months and providing nesting sites for solitary bees by installing a specially made bee hotel also helps.
Red Mason bees are gentle, non-aggressive solitary bees that make their nests in hollow spaces rather than in hives.
They can consist of untreated blocks of wood with holes drilled into them for solitary bees. Small-diameter tubes of bamboo or cardboard, banded together can serve the same purpose.
Holes were drilled in the wooden pallets to create nesting sites for solitary bees.