The whereabouts of an ancient wanderer: global phylogeography of the solitary ascidian
2011) for the solitary ascidian
Microcosmus exasperatus, and twice higher than the maximum value recorded by Ananthan et al.
The solitary ascidian
Ciona intestinalis dominated mature fouling panels, but had low and intermittent settlement levels.
The most common ascidians on these rock walls were a colonial ascidian, Aplidium glabrum, and a solitary ascidian
, Molgula citrina (Durante and Sebens 1994).
The location of the transcripts in immunocytes, as revealed by in situ hybridization, supports our previous observations in the solitary ascidian
Ciona intestinal is (Franchi et al.
Microeosmus squamiger, a solitary ascidian
introduced to Southern California harbors and marinas: salinity tolerance and phylogenetic analysis.
In a very few cases, inbreeding has been documented in field populations (colonial ascidian, Botryllus schlosseri, Grosberg 1991; acorn barnacle, Balanus improvisus, Furman 1990; solitary ascidian
, Corella inflata, Cohen 1992; anemone, Epiactis prolifera, Bucklin et al.
It is a solitary ascidian
with a striking smooth black tunic usually devoid of epibionts, and a large size, up to 10 cm (see Fig.
For comparison, we assayed organic extracts from the solitary ascidian
Herdmania momus (Savigny, 1816) in the laboratory assays.
Hence, although a small quantity of somatic histones and other lysine-rich basic proteins remain in the sperm nuclei from mature testis, arginine-rich SNBPs were found to replace most (if not all) of the histones during the spermiogenesis of the solitary ascidian
Differentiation of the gonad rudiment into ovary and testis in the solitary ascidian
, Ciona intestinalis.
Self- and cross-fertilization in the solitary ascidian
, Ciona savignyi.