The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a soil formed primarily from solonetzes under conditions of periodic washing as a result of the destruction of colloids of the upper levels, the depletion of divalent and trivalent metals (especially iron and manganese), and enrichment in silica (solodi-zation).

The following horizons are distinguished in the profile of solo-di: (A0) forest floor, (A,) humus (sod), (A2) solodized level (10–20 cm deep and whitish, with traces of basaltic structure and impregnations of iron-manganese concretions), (A2B) transitional level, (B) illuvial level, and (C) parent material. Solodi have a humus content of 1.5 to 10 percent (sometimes higher) and are characterized by unfavorable water properties. Three subtypes are distinguished: forest, meadow, and meadow-swamp.

Solodi are encountered in patches in forest-steppe and steppe zones. They are also found in the dry steppes and semiarid zones of Australia, the USA, Canada, and Western Siberia. The growing of crops in solodi requires extensive tilling and the application of organic fertilizers. Solodi are good soils for growing hay plants; they are also suitable for protective forest plantings.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cases in point are Gazprom, Lukoil, Itera, Tatneft, Novatek in the hydrocarbons industry; Severstal, Evraz, Norilsk Nickel, Alrosa, Basic Element (which owns Rusal), NMLK, Mechel, TMK, Koks, Metalloinvest, MMK, and Novolipetsk Steel in the metallurgical industry; Inter RAO UES in electricity production; Renova, OMZ and Borodino in machinery; AvtoVAZ, GAZ, UAZ and KAMAZ in the automotive industry; and in various industries, Investlesprom (paper-wood), Eurocement and LSR Group (building materials), Eurochem (chemical fertilizers), Acron (agro-chemistry), WimmBillDann, Russian Solod, SGI Group, Alterwest and Russian Wine Trust (agro-food industry).
Wolf, 82, of 4740 South Ocean Blvd., Highland Beach, FL, died on Thursday, December 4, 2014, in Delay Beach Hospital.He leaves his wife of 61 years, Bettye (Solod) Wolf; a son, Jon Wolf of Westborough; two daughters, Andrea, wife of Rodd Friedman of Westport, CT and Jamie Slattery of Westborough; a sister, Muriel Landay of Newton; and five grandchildren, Erica Meyer, Joshua Wolf, Sydney Friedman, Jack Friedman and Daniel Slattery.He had been a sporting goods manufacturer for many years.He was born in Boston, the son of Harry and Lillian (Silverman) Wolf and had been a resident of Highland Beach for many years.
THE TOP TEN MAJOR KAZAKHSTAN'S IMPORT COMMODITIES FROM BELARUS, % OF TOTAL IMPORT Import commodities Code 1995 2000 2005 2010 2011 1 Milk and cream 0402 0.7 0.2 2.7 8.2 10.1 concentrated or containing sugar 2 Pneumatic tires 4011 0.0 10.2 4.2 7.3 7.4 3 Plastic cards with 8523 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 5.5 a magnetic stripe 4 Trucks 8704 0.0 0.1 15.6 5.0 5.5 5 Windows, balcony 4418 0.0 0.3 1.5 1.4 5.4 doors and frames from wood 6 Tractors 8701 2.7 8.5 6.3 4.4 5.4 7 Writing metal desks 9403 3.4 3.3 4.3 3.5 3.8 8 Solod 1107 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.4 2.7 9 Natural butter 8701 0.0 0.0 6.4 1.7 2.5 10 Helicopters 8802 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.7 2.4 The total share of ten commod7.0 22.9 41.0 33.3 48.3 Source: Custom statistic of the National Bank of Kazakhstan, 1995-2011.
11:55 Game starts in five minutes 12:02 Players are warming up 12:03 G: SOLOD: SAUERBRUNN, RAMPONE, LePEILBET, KRIEGERM: BOXX, LLOYD, CHENEY, O'REILLYF: RODRIGUEZ, WAMBACK 12:05 Game on!
Kommersant daily has reported that the Baltika brewery has appealed a Moscow Arbitration Court ruling of December 9, 2009, seeking to exact RUB 2.119 billion from the brewer for the benefit of its supplier, Russky Solod (Russian Malt).
1, the Verkhny Lars (Russia) - Kazbegi (Georgia) border crossing, the only one on the Georgian-Russian border, will be open from 6:00 10:00 p.m., Alexander Solod, a spokesman for the Federal Security Service border department for North Ossetia, told reporters.
Plans to lift the exhausted juvenile out of the water to a low-loader vessel would only work if the creature, thought to have been spotted heading east towards the sea last night, came to rest on solod ground.
Portegies, P., Solod, L., Cinique, P., Chaudhuri, A., Begovac, J., Everall, I., et al.
Soon YK (1998) Crop residue and fertilizer management effects on some biological and chemical properties of a dark grey Solod. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 78, 707-713.
The edition, printed by Genesis Publications, is limited to 2000 copies (at pounds 195 each) and the Liverpool Former Players' Association will receive a charitable donation for each copy solod.
Crop residue and fertilizer management effects on some biological and chemical properties of a dark, gray Solod. Canadian Journal of Soil Science.