solomon's seal

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Solomon's seal

any of several liliaceous plants of the genus Polygonatum of N temperate regions, having greenish or yellow paired flowers, long narrow waxy leaves, and a thick underground stem with prominent leaf scars
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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solomon's seal

solomon's seal

Drooping, white-yellow-green elliptical oval flowers, hanging in pairs of 2 or 3. Large broad leaves alternating on stem. Young shoots can be boiled and eaten like asparagus. Root is edible after baking in hot sun or boiling in 3 changes of water. Tea made from dried root is used for wasting diseases like tuberculosis, and diabetes, indigestion, lung problems, sleep, rheumatism, laxative, hemorrhoids, bowel problems, arthritis and to slow heavy menstrual flow. Berries not edible.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Solomon’s Seal


any one plant of the genus Polygonatum of the family Liliaceae. Solomon’s seals are perennial herbs with ovate or elliptical leaves and thick horizontal rootstocks. The latter are marked with rounded seal-like scars where the old stems have disappeared. Each leaf axil has one to four bisexual flowers. The tubular perianth is greenish white or sometimes pink. The fruit is a berry. There are more than 30 species (according to other data, as many as 50), distributed primarily in the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere. Seventeen species are found in the USSR, among forests (predominantly mixed and deciduous forests), thickets, and meadows. The best-known species are sweet-scented Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum odoratum; formerly P. officinale), with one or two flowers in each axil, and common Solomon’s seal (P. multiflorum), with two to five flowers in each axil. Some species of Solomon’s seal are cultivated as ornamentals.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.